Hybrid Teams: Flexible Collaboration Between Humans, Robots and Virtual Agents

  • Tim SchwartzEmail author
  • Ingo Zinnikus
  • Hans-Ulrich Krieger
  • Christian Bürckert
  • Joachim Folz
  • Bernd Kiefer
  • Peter Hevesi
  • Christoph Lüth
  • Gerald Pirkl
  • Torsten Spieldenner
  • Norbert Schmitz
  • Malte Wirkus
  • Sirko Straube
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9872)


With the increasing capabilities of agents using Artificial Intelligence, an opportunity opens up to form team like collaboration between humans and artificial agents. This paper describes the setting-up of a Hybrid Team consisting of humans, robots, virtual characters and softbots. The team is situated in a flexible industrial production. The work presented here focuses on the central architecture and the characteristics of the team members and components. To achieve the overall team goals, several challenges have to be met to find a balance between autonomous behaviors of individual agents and coordinated teamwork.


Team Member Artificial Agent Collision Detection Convolutional Neural Network Virtual Character 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The research described in this paper has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through the projects HySociaTea and MADMACS (grant no. 01IW14001 and 01IW14003). The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their really valuable input.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim Schwartz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ingo Zinnikus
    • 1
  • Hans-Ulrich Krieger
    • 1
  • Christian Bürckert
    • 1
  • Joachim Folz
    • 1
  • Bernd Kiefer
    • 1
  • Peter Hevesi
    • 1
  • Christoph Lüth
    • 1
  • Gerald Pirkl
    • 1
  • Torsten Spieldenner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Norbert Schmitz
    • 1
  • Malte Wirkus
    • 1
  • Sirko Straube
    • 1
  1. 1.German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, DFKI GmbHKaiserslauternGermany
  2. 2.Saarbrücken Graduate School of Computer ScienceSaarbückenGermany

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