Variable Neighborhood Search

  • Gilles CaporossiEmail author
  • Pierre Hansen
  • Nenad Mladenović


The Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) metaheuristic was invented by Nenad Mladnović and Pierre Hansen and developped at GERAD (Group for Research in Decision Analysis, Montral) since 1997.


Local Search Local Optimum Travel Salesman Problem Current Solution Variable Neighborhood 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilles Caporossi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pierre Hansen
    • 1
  • Nenad Mladenović
    • 2
  1. 1.GERAD and HEC MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.GERAD and LAMIH, Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-CambrésisValenciennesFrance

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