Crowdsourcing in Business Process Outsourcing: An Exploratory Study on Factors Influencing Decision Making

  • Kurt Sandkuhl
  • Alexander Smirnov
  • Andrew Ponomarev
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 261)


Cloud computing architectures and outsourcing of business processes into the cloud are potential candidates to increase flexibility on the enterprise side when it comes to service delivery. In this paper, we focus on a specific aspect of cloud computing and outsourcing: The use of concepts from crowdsourcing in business process outsourcing (BPO). More concrete, the question addressed in this paper is, whether crowdsourcing is a feasible approach for supporting BPO. Based on a literature study in the areas of BPO, cloud computing and crowdsourcing, this paper identifies potential factors relevant for decision making in favour or against using crowdsourcing in BPO scenarios. The factors identified are investigated in a case study from BPO, which confirms many of the factors and gives reason to believe that the work contributes to a better understanding of outsourcing decisions in BPO and the relevant factors. However, just one case study will not give a conclusive picture whether the identified factors can be assumed to be relevant for the majority of BPO cases.


Cloud computing Crowdsourcing Business process outsourcing 



Parts of the research were supported by the EU FP7-project CaaS (project # 611351). Other parts were partially supported by grants # 14-07-00345, # 16-07-00466 of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, and by Government of Russian Federation, Grant 074-U01.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Sandkuhl
    • 1
    • 3
  • Alexander Smirnov
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andrew Ponomarev
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Computer ScienceRostock UniversityRostockGermany
  2. 2.SPIIRASSt.PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.ITMO UniversitySt.PetersburgRussia

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