Infections and Diseases in Wildlife by Non-native Organisms

Chapter

Abstract

Parasites and diseases can have important effects on both non-native and native species. In this chapter, several mechanisms for these processes are discussed, including the parasite immunocompetence advantage; novel weapons from spill-over of co-introduced parasites; parasite spill-back of native parasites to introduced species; and dilution effects that influence the success of an invader and the impacts on the invaded region. Trophic cascades can also have dramatic consequences of disease-related invasions, in which the invasion of parasites may ultimately lead to the extinction of native species through the disruption of biotic interactions in the invaded community. As there is no consensus on the service of biodiversity and conservation as a protection against diseases, the need to conduct research on the impacts of diseases associated with biological invasions on ecosystem regulating services is emphasised. Moreover, further investigation is prompted into better assessments of the ecological causes influencing disease spread in wildlife associated with invasive species, as these developments may ultimately affect human health.

Keywords

Biotic resistance Dilution effect Disease regulation Immunocompetence advantage Novel weapon One World One Health Parasite release Spill-back Spill-over 

References

  1. Blossey B, Notzol R (1995) Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis. J Ecol 83:887–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bordes F, Langand J, Feliu C et al (2007) Helminths communities of an introduced hare (Lepus granatensis) and a native hare (Lepus europaeus) in southern France. J Wildl Dis 43:747–751CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cully JF, Johnson TL, Collinge SK et al (2010) Disease limits populations: plague and black-tailed prairie dogs. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:7–15CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Delahay R, Smith GC, Hutchings MR (2009) The science of wildlife disease management. In: Delahay R, Smith GC, Hutchings MR (eds) Management of disease in wild mammals. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Derne BT, Fearnley EJ, Lau CL et al (2011) Biodiversity and leptospirosis risk: a case of pathogen regulation? Med Hypotheses 77:339–344CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Dobson AP (1995) The ecology and epidemiology of rinderpest virus in Serengeti and Ngorongoro crater conservation area. In: Sinclair ARE, Arcese P (eds) Serengetti II. Research management and conservation of an ecosystem. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 485–505Google Scholar
  7. Dunn AM, Torchin ME, Hatcher MJ et al (2012) Indirect effects of parasites in invasions. Funct Ecol 26:1262–1274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goüy de Bellocq JG, Morand S et al (2002) Patterns of parasite species richness of Western Palaeartic micro-mammals: island effects. Ecography 25:173–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hatcher MJ, Dick JTA, Dunn A (2012) Disease emergence and invasions. Funct Ecol 26:1275–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kolar CS, Lodge DM (2001) Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends Ecol Evol 16:199–204CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kuo C-C, Wang H-C, Huang C-L (2011) The potential effect of exotic Pacific rats Rattus exulans on vectors of scrub typhus. J Appl Ecol 48:192–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ladeau SL, Kilpatrick AM, Marra PP (2007) West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature 447:710–713CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Lafferty KD, Wood CL (2013) It’s a myth that protection against disease is a strong and general service of biodiversity conservation: response to Ostfeld and Keesing. Trends Ecol Evol 28:503–504CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. López-Darias M, Ribas A, Feliu C (2008) Helminth parasites in native and invasive mammal populations: comparative study on the Barbary ground squirrel Atlantoxerus getulus L. (Rodentia, Sciuridae) in Morocco and the Canary Islands. Acta Parasitol 53:296–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Manchester SJ, Bullock JM (2000) The impacts of non-native species on UK biodiversity and the effectiveness of control. J Appl Ecol 37:845–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Marzal A, Ricklefs RE, Valkiūnas G et al (2011) Diversity, loss, and gain of malaria parasites in a globally invasive bird. PLoS One 6:e21905CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Møller AP, Cassey P (2004) On the relationship between T-cell mediated immunity in bird species and the establishment success of introduced populations. J Anim Ecol 73:1035–1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Monzon-Argüello C, Garcia de Leaniz C, Gajardo G et al (2013) Less can be more: loss of MHC functional diversity can reflect adaptation to novel conditions during fish invasions. Ecol Evol 3:3359–3368PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Morand S, Bordes F, Pisanu B et al (2010) The geography of defence. In: Krasnov BR, Morand S (eds) The biogeography of host–parasite interactions. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 159–172Google Scholar
  20. Roberts M (1991) The parasites of the Polynesian rat: biogeography and origins of the New Zealand parasite fauna. Int J Parasitol 21:785–793CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Shirley SM, Kark S (2009) The role of species traits and taxonomic patterns in alien bird impacts. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 18:450–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Smith KF, Carpenter SM (2006) Potential spread of introduced black rat (Rattus rattus) parasites to endemic deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) on the California Channel Islands. Divers Distrib 12:742–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Strauss A, White A, Boots M (2012) Invading with biological weapons: the importance of disease-mediated invasions. Funct Ecol 26:1249–1261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Suzán G, Marcé E, Giermakowski JT et al (2009) Experimental evidence for reduced rodent diversity causing increased hantavirus prevalence. PLoS One 4:e5461CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Telfer S, Bown KJ, Sekules R et al (2005) Disruption of a host–parasite system following the introduction of an exotic host species. Parasitology 130:661–668CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Tompkins DM, White AR, Boots M (2003) Ecological replacement of native red squirrels by invasive greys driven by disease. Ecol Lett 6:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Valle D, Clark J (2013) Conservation efforts may increase malaria burden in the Brazilian Amazon. PLoS One 8:e57519CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. van Riper C, van Riper SG, Hansen WR (2002) Epizootiology and effect of avian pox on Hawaiian forest birds. Auk 11:929–942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. White TE, Perkins SE (2012) The ecoimmunology of invasive species. Funct Ecol 26:1313–1323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wyatt KB, Campos PF, Gilbert MTP et al (2008) Historical mammal extinction on Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) correlates with introduced infectious disease. PLoS One 3:e3602CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS-CIRAD AGIRs, Faculty of Veterinary TechnologyKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations