Normal Thyroid Appearance and Anatomic Landmarks in Neck Ultrasound

  • Peter J. MazzagliaEmail author
  • Liudmila Muraveika


Performance of head and neck ultrasound for the evaluation of thyroid and parathyroid disease is readily learned by medical personnel trained in the use of basic ultrasound techniques. The proximity of the thyroid and parathyroid glands to the skin surface allows high-resolution images not only of these endocrine organs but of all of the surrounding vascular, muscular, nervous, and even bony anatomy of the neck. This chapter will explain normal neck anatomy, with specific attention to the thyroid and its surroundings. It is important to have a solid grasp of the normal ultrasound appearance of all of the neck structures, enabling you to readily identify abnormal findings, and normal variants.


Thyroid lobe Trachea Spine Carotid artery Jugular vein Sternohyoid muscle Sternothyroid muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle Thyroid artery Scalene muscle Brachial plexus Tracheal cartilage Sagittal Axial Transverse Lymph node Submandibular gland Isthmus 

Supplementary material

Video 9.1

Transverse sweep of the thyroid (MP4 9193 kb)

Video 9.2

Transverse sweep of the right lobe (MP4 5285 kb)

Video 9.3

Sagittal sweep of the right lobe (MP4 8274 kb)

Video 9.4

Color Doppler sweep of the thyroid in transverse plane (MP4 6908 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rhode Island Hospital, The Warren Alpert School of MedicineBrown University, University Surgical AssociatesProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryStanford University Medical CenterPalo AltoUSA

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