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Parathyroid Ultrasound Imaging: Pearls, Pitfalls, and Tips

  • Manjiri K. DigheEmail author
  • David StewardEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Expert sonographs acquire the ability to detect nuances when performing parathyroid ultrasound. This chapter provides a visual atlas of advanced parathyroid ultrasound concepts from the experienced and multidisciplinary perspective of radiologists and endocrinologists.

Keywords

Pearls Tips Ultrasound Bilobed Parathyroid carcinoma Parathyroid adenoma 

Supplementary material

Video 27.1

Transverse cine clip through the left neck showing normal appearance and location of an enlarged parathyroid adenoma (MP4 2119 kb)

Video 27.2

Transverse cine clip through the left neck showing a typical location and appearance of inferior parathyroid adenoma. There is also a small cyst within the left thyroid lobe (MP4 2344 kb)

Video 27.3

Sagittal cine clip through the left neck showing a typical location and appearance of inferior parathyroid adenoma. There is also a small cyst within the left thyroid lobe (MP4 1749 kb)

Video 27.4

Transverse cine clip through left neck showing a large adenoma measuring 4.5 cm (MP4 2040 kb)

Video 27.5

Transverse cine clip through the left neck showing a partially cystic superior parathyroid adenoma (MP4 878 kb)

Video 27.6

Sagittal cine clip through the right neck showing multiple inferior parathyroid adenomas (MP4 1120 kb)

Video 27.7

Transverse B mode cine clip showing an ectopic parathyroid adenoma in a 44 year old with elevated parathyroid hormone and serum calcium levels (MP4 2120 kb)

Video 27.8

Color Doppler cine clip showing an ectopic parathyroid adenoma in a 44 year old with elevated parathyroid hormone and serum calcium levels (MP4 853 kb)

Video 27.9

Transverse cine clip through the right neck showing multiple thyroid nodules in the right lobe, obscuring the superior right parathyroid adenoma, which is seen as a hypoechoic structure medial to the carotid and appears near the end of the cine-clip (MP4 1945 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.University of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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