Ultrasound and FNA in Parathyroid Disease: Fundamentals of Appearance and Evaluation of Abnormal Parathyroid Glands

  • Devaprabu AbrahamEmail author


Neck ultrasonography has become an integral part of most endocrine practice for the evaluation of parathyroid adenoma or enlarged parathyroid glands, prior to surgical intervention. It is also the most cost and time-effective study for the evaluation of coexistent thyroid disease in subjects who undergo parathyroid surgery. Ultrasonograms facilitate parathyroid biopsy and alcohol ablation to be performed in select patients in the office.


Parathyroid adenoma Parathyroid carcinoma Parathyroid fna Hypercalcemia Mediastinal adenoma PTH-FNA washout Parathyroid cytology Atypical adenoma Parathyroidectomy Parathyroid incidentaloma 

Supplementary material

Video 24.1

Vascular pedicle (MP4 4069 kb)

Video 24.2

ETOH injection (MP4 6106 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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