Campylobacter

Chapter
Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, with C. coli and other species in the genus also increasingly associated with human disease. The extensive animal host and environmental distribution of this infection contributes to the complexity of understanding the sources of human infection and Campylobacter population biology. Questions to which genomic analysis are likely to make early contributions include the basic epidemiology and ecology of this infection, the attribution of human infection to source, and the detection of outbreaks as well as specific features such as virulence determinants. The extensive application of population genetic analysis of partial multilocus genome sequences and some preliminary work with whole genome sequence data support the predicted usefulness of whole genome sequencing for these applications. Extensive sampling across human, food, animal and environmental populations of Campylobacter is needed to allow the effective integration of genomics in the effective study of this pathogen.

Keywords

Campylobacter Population genetics Food chain Source attribution Outbreak detection 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warwick Medical SchoolUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK

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