GreenBST: Energy-Efficient Concurrent Search Tree

Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-43659-3_37

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9833)
Cite this paper as:
Umar I., Anshus O., Ha P. (2016) GreenBST: Energy-Efficient Concurrent Search Tree. In: Dutot PF., Trystram D. (eds) Euro-Par 2016: Parallel Processing. Euro-Par 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9833. Springer, Cham


Like other fundamental abstractions for energy-efficient computing, search trees need to support both high concurrency and fine-grained data locality. However, existing locality-aware search trees such as ones based on the van Emde Boas layout (vEB-based trees), poorly support concurrent (update) operations while existing highly-concurrent search trees such as the non-blocking binary search trees do not consider data locality.

We present GreenBST, a practical energy-efficient concurrent search tree that supports fine-grained data locality as vEB-based trees do, but unlike vEB-based trees, GreenBST supports high concurrency. GreenBST is a k-ary leaf-oriented tree of GNodes where each GNode is a fixed size tree-container with the van Emde Boas layout. As a result, GreenBST minimizes data transfer between memory levels while supporting highly concurrent (update) operations. Our experimental evaluation using the recent implementation of non-blocking binary search trees, highly concurrent B-trees, conventional vEB trees, as well as the portably scalable concurrent trees shows that GreenBST is efficient: its energy efficiency (in operations/Joule) and throughput (in operations/second) are up to 65 % and 69 % higher, respectively, than the other trees on a high performance computing (HPC) platform (Intel Xeon), an embedded platform (ARM), and an accelerator platform (Intel Xeon Phi). The results also provide insights into how to develop energy-efficient data structures in general.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUiT The Arctic University of NorwayTromsøNorway

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