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Mindfulness and Substance Abuse

  • Elisa Harumi Kozasa
  • Isabel Cristina Weiss de Souza
  • Víviam Vargas de Barros
  • Ana Regina Noto
Chapter

Abstract

Metacognition, or cognition about cognition, one of our highest brain functions, involves attention, conflict solving, error correction, inhibitory control, and emotional regulation being therefore fundamental in learning processes. These aspects of cognition are presumably mediated by frontal brain areas (Shimamura in Conscious Cognit 9(2 Pt 1):313–323, 2000). By contributing to the development of awareness of one’s own thoughts and actions, mindfulness practices (full awareness or attention) are related to the development of the ability of metacognition. According to Baer (Clin Psychol Sci Pract 10(2):125–143, 2003), mindfulness practices are those in which the subject becomes intentionally attentive to the internal and external experiences that are happening in the present moment, without judgment. There have been several researches in this area that suggest such practices lead subjects to a state of aware observation of their own perceptions, rather than being dragged by the turmoil of their emotions and thoughts.

Keywords

Mindfulness Meditation Anxiety Craving Withdrawal 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisa Harumi Kozasa
    • 1
  • Isabel Cristina Weiss de Souza
    • 2
  • Víviam Vargas de Barros
    • 2
  • Ana Regina Noto
    • 2
  1. 1.NeurociênciasHospital Israelita Albert EinsteinSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de PsicobiologiaUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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