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Irradiation-Induced Processes with Atomic Clusters and Nanoparticles

  • Alexey VerkhovtsevEmail author
  • Andrei V. Korol
  • Andrey V. Solov’yov
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter gives an overview of theoretical and computational studies of physical phenomena manifesting themselves in photon, electron and ion collisions with atomic clusters and nanoparticles (NPs). The emphasis is made on ion and electron scattering as well as photoabsorption of metal NPs which are of current interest in application in cancer treatments with ionizing radiation. Although the number of reports on dose enhancement and radiosensitization due to metal NPs has been rapidly increasing during the past years, physical mechanisms of enhanced production of secondary electrons and reactive species due to sensitizing NPs are still a debated issue and require thorough investigation. In this chapter, we elucidate the essential role of collective electron excitations in the formation of electron emission spectra of metal clusters and NPs. These effects appear also in other types of nanoscale systems, such as carbon-based NPs. We also briefly overview a number of recent Monte Carlo-based studies devoted to the investigation of radiosensitization and dose enhancement effects for proton irradiation combined with metal NPs.

Keywords

Metal Cluster Plasmon Mode Electron Attachment Plasmon Excitation Electron Energy Loss Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the financial support received from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (PEOPLE-2013-ITN-ARGENT project) under grant agreement no. 608163.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexey Verkhovtsev
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Andrei V. Korol
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andrey V. Solov’yov
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Instituto de Fisica FundamentalConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC)MadridSpain
  2. 2.MBN Research CenterFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsSt. Petersburg State Maritime Technical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.MBN Research Center at Frankfurter Innovationszentrum BiotechnologieFrankfurt am MainGermany
  5. 5.A.F. Ioffe Physical-Technical InstituteSaint PetersburgRussia

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