GLONASS

  • Sergey Revnivykh
  • Alexey Bolkunov
  • Alexander Serdyukov
  • Oliver Montenbruck
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SPRINGERHAND)

Zusammenfassung

The Global’naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikova Sistema (GLONASS ) is a global navigation satellite system developed by the Russian Federation. Similar to its US counterpart, the NAVSTAR global positioning system (GPS ), GLONASS provides dual-frequency L-band navigation signals for civil and military navigation. Initiated in the 1980s, the system first achieved its full operational capability in 1995. Following a temporary degradation, the nominal constellation of 24 satellites was ultimately reestablished in 2011 and the system has been in continued service since then. This chapter describes the architecture and operations of GLONASS and discusses its current performance. In addition, the planned evolution of the space and ground segment are outlined.

Keywords

Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Satellite Laser Range International GNSS Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
ADEV

Allan deviation

AFS

atomic frequency standard

BC

Barker code

BIH

Bureau International de l’Heure

BIPM

Bureau International des Poids et Mesures

BPSK

binary phase-shift keying

CDMA

code division multiple access

CNAV

civil navigation message

CRC

cyclic redundancy check

DLR

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt

ESA

European Space Agency

FDMA

frequency division multiple access

GIOVE

Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element

GLONASS

Global’naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikova Sistema (Russian Global Navigation Satellite System)

GLST

GLONASS System Time

GNSS

global navigation satellite system

GPS

Global Positioning System

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICD

interface control document

IERS

International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service

IGS

International GNSS Service

ITRF

International Terrestrial Reference Frame

ITRS

International Terrestrial Reference System

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

LEO

low Earth orbit

LEOP

launch and early orbit phase

LRA

laser retro-reflector array

MEO

medium Earth orbit

NH

Neuman-Hofman (code)

NUDET

nuclear detection (payload)

PDOP

position dilution of precision

PRN

pseudo-random noise

RFSA

Russian Federal Space Agency

RMS

root mean square

SDCM

System for Differential Corrections and Monitoring

SISRE

signal-in-space range error

SLR

satellite laser ranging

UTC

Coordinated Universal Time

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergey Revnivykh
    • 1
  • Alexey Bolkunov
    • 2
  • Alexander Serdyukov
    • 3
  • Oliver Montenbruck
    • 4
  1. 1.GLONASS Evolution DepartmentRESHETNEV’s Information Satellite Systems CoporationMoscowRussian Federation
  2. 2.PNT Information and Analysis CenterFederal Space Agency (Roscosmos)KorolyovRussian Federation
  3. 3.Central Scientific Research Institute for Machine Building, PNT Information and Analysis CenterFederal Space Agency (Roscosmos)KorolyovRussian Federation
  4. 4.German Aerospace Center (DLR)WesslingGermany

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