The Global Positioning System (GPS)

Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SPRINGERHAND)

Zusammenfassung

This chapter presents an overview of the US Global Positioning System (GPS ), which became the first operational global navigation satellite system (GNSS ) core constellation when it was declared fully operational in 1995. First, the space segment is described, including key characteristics of the different satellite types. Then, an overview of the control segment is given, including its operations and evolution of capabilities. This is followed by an overview of the GPS signals, current and future, as well as a description of the navigation data content. Then, the time and coordinate systems used by GPS are described. The chapter is concluded with a brief description of services and performance.

Keywords

Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System User Equipment Global Position System Satellite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
AEP

architecture evolution plan

AFSCN

air force satellite control network

AKM

apogee kick motor

BOC

binary offset carrier

CL

long code

CM

moderate-length code

CNAV

civil navigation message

CRC

cyclic redundancy check

CS

control segment

ECI

Earth-centered inertial

EELV

evolved expendable launch vehicles

EIRP

effective isotropic radiated power

FAA

US Federal Aviation Administration

FEC

forward error correction

GNSS

global navigation satellite system

GPS

Global Positioning System

HOW

hand-over word

IODC

issue-of-data clock

IODE

issue-of-data ephemeris

ITRF

International Terrestrial Reference Frame

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

L-AII

Legacy Accuracy Improvement Initiative

LNAV

legacy navigation message

MCS

master control station

MEO

medium Earth orbit

NANU

notice advisory to NAVSTAR users

NGA

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

NMCT

navigation message correction table

NUDET

nuclear detection (payload)

OCS

operational control system

OCX

next generation operational control segment of GPS

PLL

phase lock loop

PPS

precise positioning service

PRN

pseudo-random noise

RAAN

right ascension of ascending node

RF

radio frequency

RMS

root mean square

SA

selective availability

SBAS

satellite-based augmentation system

SPS

standard positioning service

SVN

space vehicle number

SV

space vehicle

TLM

telemetry (word)

UHF

ultra-high frequency

USNO

United States Naval Observatory

UTC

Coordinated Universal Time

WAAS

Wide Area Augmentation System

WAGE

wide area GPS enhancement

WGS

World Geodetic System

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The MITRE CoporationBedfordUSA

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