Advertisement

Global Diversity and Conservation of Freshwater Crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacoidea)

  • Tadashi Kawai
  • Keith A. Crandall

Abstract

The number of species in the three families of freshwater crayfish worldwide (Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae) are updated by region. These are: Astacidae, western North America (5 species) and Europe (5 species), Cambaridae, eastern North America and Mexico (423 species) and Asia (6 species), and Parastacidae, Oceania (153 species), South America (12 species), and Madagascar (7 species). The conservation status of 611 species of crayfish worldwide is discussed, based on global assessments from the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List protocols as well as regional assessments on governmental endangered species lists. The current threats to endangered species of crayfish include habitat destruction, water diversion, pollution, and threats from exotic species of crayfish (such as Pacifastacus leniusculus, Procambarus clarkii and Cherax) that have been introduced to other parts of the world where they are having an increasing impact. New threats posed by the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish Procambarus fallax f. virginalis to freshwater ecosystems in Europe and Madagascar are also discussed.

Keywords

Alien crayfish Conservation Species diversity IUCN Red List 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The senior author (TK) expresses sincere thanks to Dr. Evgeny Barabanshchikov of the Pacific Research Fisheries Center for kindly providing information on the Chinese names of Asian crayfishes, and to Professor Hyun Sook Ko of Silla University, Korea, and Professor Gi-Sik Min of Inha University, Korea, who shared information on crayfish conservation in Korea.

References

  1. Abrahamsson, S. A. A., & Goldman, C. R. (1970). Distribution, density and production of the crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus Dana in Lake Tahoe, California-Nevada. Oikos, 21, 83–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahn, D. H., Kawai, T., Kim, S. J., Rho, H. S., Jung, J. W., Kim, W., et al. (2006). Phylogeny of northern hemisphere freshwater crayfishes based on 16S rRNA gene analysis. Korean Journal of Genetics, 28, 185–192.Google Scholar
  3. Almerão, M. P., Rudolph, E., Souty-Grosset, C., Crandall, K. A., Buckup, L., Amouret, J., et al. (2014). The native South American crayfishes (Crustacea, Parastacidae): State of knowledge and conservation status. Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems,. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2488.Google Scholar
  4. Alvarez, F., Villalobos, J. L., Elías-Gutiérrez, M., & Rivera, G. (2011). Crustáceos dulceacuícolas y terrestres de Chiapas. In F. Alvarez (Ed.), Chiapas, Estudios sobre su diversidad biológica (pp. 209–298). Instituto de Biología: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City.Google Scholar
  5. Alvarez, F., & Villalobos, L. (2015). The crayfish of Middle America. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 448–463). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Archey, G. (1915). The fresh-water crayfish of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand Institute, 47, 295–315.Google Scholar
  7. Armendáriz, G. Y. (2011). Patrones de distribución y riqueza de especies de los acociles (Decapoda: Cambaridae) de México. (M.Sc. Thesis), Graduate Program in Biological Sciences, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City.Google Scholar
  8. Barabanshchikov, E. I. (2003). Sovremennoe rasprostranenie rechnykh rakov roda Cambaroides (Decapoda: Astacoidei: Cambaridae) v Primorskom krae i veroyatnye prichiny kolebaniy ikh chislennosti. Chteniya pamyati V. Ya. Levanidova. Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2, 172–177 (English translated title: Contemporaneous distribution of crayfishes of genus Cambaroides (Decapoda: Astacoidei: Cambaridae) in Primorye Territory, with some remarks on probable reasons of their quantity fluctuations. Vladimir Ya. Levanidov’s Biennial Memorial Meeting. Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2, 172–177).Google Scholar
  9. Bertocchi, S., Brusconi, S., Gherardi, F., & Chiesa, L. A. (2010). Prima segnalazione del gambero minacciato Austropotamobius pallipescomplex in Sardegna. [Article in Italian]. In: Proceedings of the 13th conference Italian association of freshwater hydrologists, Sansepolcro, Italy, 12–13 Nov 2010, p. 52.Google Scholar
  10. Bohman, P., Edsman, L., Martin, P., & Scholtz, G. (2013). The first Marmorkrebs (Decapoda: Astacida: Cambaridae) in Scandinavia. Bioinvasion Record, 2, 227–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bouchard, R. W. (1977). Distribution, systematic status and ecological notes on five poorly known species of crayfishes in western North America (Decapoda: Astacidea and Cambaridae). Freshwater Crayfish, 3, 409–423.Google Scholar
  12. Boyko, C. B. (2015). Crayfish of Africa. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 583–893). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Boyko, C. B., Ravoahangimalala, O. R., Randriamasimanana, D., & Razafindrazaka, T. H. (2005). Astacoides hobbsi, a new crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae) from Madagascar. Zootaxa, 1091, 41–51.Google Scholar
  14. Braband, A., Kawai, T., & Scholtz, G. (2006). The phylogenetic position of the East Asian freshwater crayfish Cambaroideswithin the northern hemisphere Astacoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Astacida) based on molecular data. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 44, 17–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bracken-Grissom, H. D., Ahyong, S. T., Wilkinson, R. D., Feldmann, R. M., Schweitzer, C. E., Breinholt, J. W., et al. (2014). The emergence of lobsters: Phylogenetic relationships, morphological evolution and divergence time comparisons of an ancient group (Decapoda: Achelata, Astacidea, Glypheidea, Polychelida). Systematic Biology, 63(4), 457–479. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syu008.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Buckup, L. (2003). Família Parastacidae. In: G. A. S. Melo (Ed.), Manual de identificação dos Crustacea Decapoda de água doce do Brasil Editora Loyola, (pp. 117–141). São Paulo.Google Scholar
  17. Buckup, L. (2010). IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2.Google Scholar
  18. Buckup, L., & Rossi, A. (1980). O gênero Parastacus no Brasil (Crustacea, Decapoda, Parastacidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 40, 663–681.Google Scholar
  19. Campos, E., & Contreras, S. (1985). First record of Orconectes virilis (Hagen) (Decapoda, Cambaridae) from Mexico. Crustaceana, 49, 218–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Campos, E., & Rodríguez-Almaraz, G. A. (1992). Distribution of the Red Swamp Crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) (Decapoda: Cambaridae) in Mexico: An update. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 12, 627–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Center for Biological Diversity. (2010). Petition to list 404 aquatic, riparian and wetland species from the Southeastern United States as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Center for Biological Diversity, pp. 1145.Google Scholar
  22. Chang-Fu, M., & Chun-Lin, Y. (1959). Northeastern crayfish Cambaroides dauricus. Chinese Journal of Zoology Beijing, 10, 453–456. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  23. Chucholl, C., & Pfeiffer, M. (2010). First evidence for an established Marmorkrebs (Decapoda, Astacida, Cambaridae) population in Southwestern Germany, in syntopic occurrence with Orconectes limosus (Rafinesque 1817). Aquatic Invasions, 5, 405–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Chucholl, C., Morawetz, K., & Groß, H. (2012). The clones are coming—strong increase in Marmorkrebs (Procambarus fallax (Hagen 1870) f. virginalis) records from Europe. Aquatic Invasion, 7, 511–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Clark, E. (1936). The freshwater and land crayfishes of Australia. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 10, 5–58.Google Scholar
  26. Crandall, K. A. (2003). Parastacidae, Astacoides, freshwater crayfishes. In S. M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (Eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar (pp. 608–612). Chicago, USA: The Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Crandall, K. A., & Buhay, J. E. (2008). Global diversity of crayfish (Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae: Decapoda) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia, 595, 295–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Crandall, K. A., Fetzner, J. W., Jr., Jara, C. G., & Buckup, L. (2000a). On the phylogenetic positioning of the South American freshwater crayfish genera (Decapoda: Parastacidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 20, 530–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Crandall, K. A., Harris, D. J., & Fetzner, J. W., Jr. (2000b). The monophyletic origin of freshwater crayfish estimated from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 267, 1679–1686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Crandall, K. A. (2016). Collecting and processing freshwater crayfish. Journal of Crustacean Biology,. doi: 10.1163/1937240X-00002466.Google Scholar
  31. Cumberlidge, N., Reed, S. K., & Boyko, C. B. (2004). Distribution patterns of the Malagasy freshwater crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Journal of Natural History, 38, 1133–1157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Diéguez-Uribeondo, J., Royo, F., Souty-Grosset, C., Ropiquet, A., & Grandjean, F. (2008). Low genetic avariability of the white-clawed crayfish in the Iberian Peninsula: Its origin and management implications. Aquatic Conservation, 18, 19–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Dixon, H. (1992). Species identification and described habitats of the crayfish genus Astacoides (Decapoda: Parastacoidae) in the Ranomafana National Park region of Madagascar. Ranomafana: Ranomafana National Park Project.Google Scholar
  34. Ellis, M. J. (1999). Species invasions and replacements in a native crayfish community. (PhD Dissertation), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  35. Ellis, M. J. (2005). Crayfish barrier flume study. Cassel, California: Spring Rivers Ecological Sciences.Google Scholar
  36. Eng, L. L., & Daniels, R. A. (1982). Life history, distribution, and status of Pacifastacus fortis (Decapoda: Astacidae). California Fish and Game, 68, 197–212.Google Scholar
  37. Faulkes, Z., Feria, T. P., & Muñoz, J. (2012). Do Marmorkrebs, Procambarus fallaxf. virginalis, threaten freshwater Japanese ecosystems? Aquatic. Biosystems, 8, 13.Google Scholar
  38. Feria, T. P., & Faulkes, Z. (2011). Forecasting the distribution of Marmorkrebs, a parthenogenetics crayfish with high invasive potential, in Madagascar, Europe, and North America. Aquatic Invasions, 6, 55–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Foster, J., & Harper, D. (2007). Status and ecosystem interactions of the invasive Louisianan red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkiiin East Africa Springer Series in Invasion Ecology. In F. Gherardi (Ed.), Invading nature (pp. 91–101). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  40. Fratini, S., Zaccara, S., Barbaresi, S., Grandjean, F., Souty-Grosset, C., Crosa, G., et al. (2005). Phylogeography of the threatened crayfish (genus Austropotamobius) in Italy: Implications for its taxonomy and conservation. Heredity, 94, 108–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Füreder, L. (2015). Taxonomy and distribution of native species and non-native species in Europe. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 597–624). Florida: CRC-Press.Google Scholar
  42. Füreder, L., Weinländer, M., & Perlinger, H. (2009). Die Flusskrebse Österreichs. In L. Füreder (Ed.), Flusskrebse, Biologie – Ökologie – Gefährdung, Veröffentlichungen des Naturmuseums Südtirol (Vol. 6, pp. 82–91). Wien-Bozen: Folio Verlag.Google Scholar
  43. Furse, J. M. (2014). The freshwater crayfish fauna of Australia: Update on conservation status and threats. In D. C. J. Yeo, N. Cumberlidge & S. Klaus, (Eds.), Crustaceana monographs, 19 (Advances in freshwater decapod systematics and biology), (Vol 6, pp. 273–296).Google Scholar
  44. Furse, J. M., & Coughran, J. (2011). An assessment of the distribution, biology, threatening processes and conservation status of the freshwater crayfish, genus Euastacus (Decapoda: Parastacidae), in Continental Australia. II. Threats, conservation assessments and key findings. Crustaceana Monographs 15 (Special edition: New frontiers in crustacean biology), (pp. 253–263).Google Scholar
  45. Furse, J. M., Burnham, Q. F., Dawkins, K. L., & Richardson, A. M. M. (2015). The freshwater crayfish of the oceania region. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 485–582). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Gelder, S. R., & Williams, B. W. (2015). Global Overview of Branchiobdellida (Annelida: Clitellata). In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 628–653). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Grandjean, F., Souty-Grosset, C., Raimond, R., & Holdich, D. M. (1997). Geographical variation of mitochondrial DNA between populations of the white-clawed crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes. Freshwater Biology, 37, 493–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Grandjean, F., Frelon-Raimond, M., & Souty-Grosset, C. (2002). Compilation of molecular data for the phylogeny of the genus Austropotamobius: One species or several? Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 367, 671–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Groß, H., Burk, C., & Hill, A. (2008). Die Flusskrebsfauna in NRW. Natural Resources Wales, 4, 52–56.Google Scholar
  50. Grow, L. (1981). Burrowing behavior in the crayfish, Cambarus diogenes diogenes. Animal Behaviour, 29, 351–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Györe, K., Józsa, V., & Gál, D. (2013). The distribution of crayfish (Decapoda: Astacidae, Cambaridae) population in Cris and Mures rivers crossing the Romanian-Hungarian border. AACL Bioflux, 6, 18–26.Google Scholar
  52. Hansen, B., & Richardson, A. M. M. (2006). A revision of the Tasmanian endemic freshwater crayfish genus Parastacoides (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 20, 713–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Hart, C. W. Jr. (1994). A dictionary of non-scientifi c names of freshwater crayfishes (Astacoidea and Parastacoidea), including other words and phrases incorporating crayfish names. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 38, i–iii+1–127.Google Scholar
  54. Harvey, M. (2002). Short range endemism among the Australian fauna: Some examples from non-marine environments. Invertebrate Systematics, 16, 555–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Hasiotis, S. T., & Kirkland, J. I. (1997). Crayfish fossils and burrows (Decapoda: Cambaridae) Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Colorado Plateau, U.S.A. Freshwater Crayfish, 11, 106–120.Google Scholar
  56. Hasiotis, H. S., & Thomas, A. (1997). A short note about crayfish burrows from the Paleocene-Eocene, Clarion Formation southwestern Utah, U.S.A. Freshwater Crayfish, 11, 121–129.Google Scholar
  57. Hawkins, F., & Horning, N. (2001). Forest cover change and control areas. Antananarivo, Madagascar: Projet d’Appui a la Gestion de l’Environnement.Google Scholar
  58. Hefti, D., & Stucki, P. (2006). Crayfish management for Swiss waters. Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 380–381, 937–950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hernández, L., Maeda-Martínez, A. M., Ruiz-Campos, G., Rodríguez-Almaraz, G., Alonzo-Rojo, F., & Sainz, J. C. (2008). Geographic expansion of the invasive red crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) (Crustacea. Decapoda) in Mexico. Biological Invasions, 10, 977–984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1942). The crayfishes of Florida. Biological series, University of Florida Publications, 3, 1–179.Google Scholar
  61. Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1987). A review of the crayfish genus Astacoides (Decapoda: Parastacidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 443, 1–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1988). Crayfish distribution, adaptive radiation and evolution. In D. M. Holdich & R. S. Lowery (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: Biology management and exploitation (pp. 52–82). London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  63. Hobbs, H. H., Jr., Jas, J. P., & Huner, J. V. (1989). A review of global crayfish introductions with particular emphasis on two North American species (Decapoda, Carnbaridae). Crustaceana, 56, 299–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Holdich, D. M. (1999). The negative effects of established crayfish introductions. In F. Gherardi & D. M. Holdich (Eds.), Crustacean Issue 11: Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species. How to make the best of a bad situation? (pp. 31–47). Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  65. Holdich, D. M. (2002). General biology: Background and functional morphology. In D. M. Holdich (Ed.), Biology of freshwater crayfish (pp. 3–29). Oxford, England: Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
  66. Holdich, D. M., & Pöckl, M. (2007). Invasive crustaceans in European inland waters. In F. Gherardi (Ed.), Freshwater bioinvaders: Profiles, distribution, and threats (pp. 29–75). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Holdich, D. M., & Lowery, R. S. (1988). Freshwater crayfish: Biology management and exploitation. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  68. Holdich, D. M., Reynolds, J. D., Souty-Grosset, C., & Sibley, P. J. (2009). A review of the ever increasing threat to European crayfish from non-indigenous crayfish species. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 394–395, 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Holthuis, L. B. (1986). The freshwater crayfish of New Guinea. FreshwCrayfish, 6, 48–58.Google Scholar
  70. Hopkins, C. L. (1970). Systematics of the New Zealand freshwater crayfish Paranephrops (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae). New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 4, 278–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Horwitz, P. (1990). A taxonomic revision of species in the freshwater crayfish genus EngaeusErichson (Decapoda: Parastacidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 4, 427–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Horwitz, P. (1995). The conservation status of Australian freshwater crayfish: Review and update. Freshwater Crayfish, 10, 70–80.Google Scholar
  73. Horwitz, P., & Adams, M. (2000). The systematics, biogeography and conservation status of species in the freshwater crayfish genus EngaewaRiek (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from south-western Australia. Invertebrate Taxonmy, 14, 655–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Howard, G. W., & Matindi, S. W. (2003). Alien invasive species in Africa’s wetlands: Some threats and solutions. IUCN—The World Conservation Union Regional Office for Eastern Africa, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  75. Huner, J. V., & Barr, L. E. (1991). Red swamp crayfish: Biology, culture, and exploitation. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Sea Grant College System.Google Scholar
  76. Huxley, T. H. (1896). The crayfish: An introduction to the study of zoology. London: Kegan Paul.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. (2013). Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 10. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions SubcommitteeGoogle Scholar
  78. Jimenez, S. A., & Faulkes, Z. (2010). Establishment and care of a laboratory colony of parthenogenetic crayfish, Marmorkrebs. Invertebrate Rearing, 1, 10–18.Google Scholar
  79. Johnson, J. E. (1986). Inventory of Utah crayfish with notes on current distribution. Great Basin National, 46, 625–631.Google Scholar
  80. Jones, J. P. G., Andriahajaina, F. B., Hockley, N. J., Balmford, A., & Ravoahangimalala, O. R. (2005). A multidisciplinary approach to assessing the sustainability of freshwater crayfish harvesting in Madagascar. Conservation Biology, 19, 1863–1871.Google Scholar
  81. Jones, J. P. G., Andriahajaina, F. B., Ranambinintsoa, E. H., Hockley, N. J., & Ravoahangimalala, O. R. (2006). The economic importance of freshwater crayfish harvesting in Madagascar and the potential of community-based conservation to improve management. Oryx, 40, 168–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Jones, J. P. G., Andriahajaina, F. B., Hockley, N. J., Crandall, K. A., & Ravoahangimalala, O. R. (2007). The ecology and conservation status of Madagascar’s endemic freshwater crayfish (Parastacidae; Astacoides). Freshwater Biology, 52, 1820–1833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Kawai, T. (2012). Morphology of the mandible and gill of the Asian freshwater crayfish Cambaroides (Decapoda: Cambaridae) with implications for their phylogeny. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 32, 15–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Kawai, T., & Arai, K. (2000). Exploration of Cambaroides dauricusin Mongolia. Cancer, 9, 29–32. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  85. Kawai, T., & Fitzpatrick, J. F., Jr. (2004). Redescription of Cambaroides japonicus (De Haan 1841) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Cambaridae) with allocation of a type locality and month of collection of types. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 117, 23–34.Google Scholar
  86. Kawai, T., & Kobayashi, Y. (2006). Origin and ciurrent distribution of the alien crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) in Japan. Crustaceana, 78, 1143–1149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Kawai, T., & Min, G. S. (2005). Re-examination of type material of Cambaroides similis (Koelbel 1892) (Decapoda: Cambaridae) with a lectotype designation, re-description, and evaluation of geographical variation. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 118, 777–793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Kawai, T., & Takahata, M. (2010). Biology of crayfish. Sapporo: Hokkaido University Press.Google Scholar
  89. Kawai, T., Mitamura, T., & Ohtaka, A. (2003). The taxonomic status of the introduced north American signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852) in Japan, and the source of specimens in the newly reported population in Fukushima Prefecture. Crustaceana, 77, 861–870.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Kawai, T., Labay, V. S., & Filipova, L. (2013). Taxonomic re-examination of Cambaroides (Decapoda: Cambaridae) with a re-description of C. schrenckiifrom Sakhalin Island Russia and phylogenetic discussion of the Asian cambarids based on morphological characteristics. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 33, 702–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Kawai, T., Min, G. S., Barabanshcikov, E., Labay, V., & Ko, H. S. (2015). Asia. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 311–368). Florida, USA: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Koese, B., Soes, D. M. (2011). De Nederland riverkreddften (Astacoidea and Parstacoidea). Entomologische Tabellen 6, Nederland Faunistische Mededelingen, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  93. Koizumi, I., Nishikawa, N., Kawai, T., Azuma, N., & Masuda, R. (2012). Loss of genetic diversity means loss of geographical information: The Endangered Japanese crayfish exhibits remarkable historical footprints. PLoS ONE, 7, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Kokko, H., Lindstrom, J., & Ranta, E. (2001). Life histories and sustainable harvesting. In J. D. Reynolds, G. M. Mace, K. H. Redford, & J. G. Robinson (Eds.), Conservation of exploited species (pp. 301–322). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  95. Kouba, A., Petrusek, A., & Kozák, P. (2014). Continental-wide distribution of crayfish species in Europe: Update and maps. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 413, 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Labay, V. S. (2000). Sakhalin river crayfi sh Cambaroides sachalinensisBirstein et Vinogradow, 1934. In N. I. Onishchenko, V. A. Nechaev, G. A. Voronov, S. N. Safronov, V. S. Labay, & Z. V. Revjakina (Eds.), Red data of Sakhalin Region (pp. 178–179). Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (in Russian): The Sakhalin Book Publishing house.Google Scholar
  97. Larson, E. R., & Olden, J. D. (2011). The state of crayfish in the Pacific Northwest. Fisheries, 36, 60–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Larson, E. R., & Olden, J. D. (2013). Crayfish occupancy and abundance in lakes of the Pacific Northwest, USA. Freshwater Science, 32, 94–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Larson, E., & Williams, B. (2015). Historical biological of Pacifastacuscrayfishes and their branchiobdellidan and entocytherid ectosymbionts in Western North America. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 404–447). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Larson, E. R., Abbott, C. L., Usio, N., Azuma, N., Wood, K. A., Herborg, L.-M., et al. (2012). The signal crayfish is not a single species: Cryptic diversity and invasions in the Pacific Northwest range of Pacifastacus. Freshwater Biology, 57, 1823–1838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Lawrence, C., & Jones, C. (2002). Cherax. In D. M. Holdich (Ed.), Biology of freshwater crayfish (pp. 635–669). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  102. Light, T., Erman, D. C., Myrick, C., & Clark, J. (1995). Decline of the Shasta crayfish (Pacifastacus fortisFaxon) of northeastern California. Conservation Biology, 9, 1567–1577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Lodge, D. M., Cronin, G., Van Donk, E., & Froelich, A. J. (1998a). Impact of herbivory on plant standing crop: Comparisons amoung biomas, between vascular and non-vascular plants, and among freshwater herbivore taxa. In E. Jeppsen, M. A. Sondergaard, M. O. Sondergaard, & K. Christofferson (Eds.), The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes (pp. 149–174). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Lodge, D. M., Stein, R. A., Brown, K. M., Covich, A. P., Bronmark, C., Garvey, J. E., et al. (1998b). Predicting impact of freshwater exotic species on native biodiversity: Challenges in spatial scaling. Australian Journal of Ecology, 23, 53–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Lodge, D. M., Taylor, C. A., Holdich, D. M., & Shurdal, J. (2000). Nonindigenous crayfishes threaten North American freshwater biodiversity. Fisheries, 25, 7–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Lukhaup, C., & Herbert, B. (2008). A new species of crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae) from the fly river drainage, Western Province, Papua New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 52, 213–219.Google Scholar
  107. Magalhães, C., Bueno, S. L. S., Bond-Buckup, G., Valenti, W. C., Silva, H. L. M., Kiyohara, F., et al. (2005). Exotic species of freshwater decapod crustaceans in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil: Records and possible causes of their introduction. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14, 1929–1945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Maguire, I. (2009). Die Flusskrebse Osteuropas. In: Füreder (Ed.), Flusskrebse, Biologie – Ökologie – Gefährdung, Veröffentlichungen des Naturmuseums Südtirol, (Vol. 6, pp. 92–97). Wien-Bozen: Folio Verlag.Google Scholar
  109. Maguire, I., & Gottstein-Matočec, S. (2004). The distribution pattern of freshwater crayfish in Croatia. Crustaceana, 77, 25–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Maguire, I., Jelić, M., & Klobučar, G. (2011). Update on the distribution of freshwater crayfish in Croatia. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 401, 31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. March, T. S., & Robson, B. J. (2006). Association between burrow densities of two Australian freshwater crayfish (Engaeus sericatusand Geocharax gracilis: Parastacidae) and four riparian land uses. Aquatic Conservation, 16, 181–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Marin, I. N. (2013). Atlas of decapod crustaceans of Russia. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press.Google Scholar
  113. Marques, A. A. B., Fontana, C. S., Vélez, E., Bencke, G. A., Schneider, M., & Reis, R. E. (2002). Lista das espécies da fauna ameaçadas de extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul: FZB/MCT-PUCRS/PANGEA.Google Scholar
  114. Martin, P., Pfeifer, M., & Füllner, G. (2008). First record of the stone crayfish Austropotamobius torrentium (Schrank, 1803) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacidae) from Saxony (Germany). Faunistische Abhandlungen (Dresden), 26, 103–108.Google Scholar
  115. Martin, P., Dorn, N., Kawai, T., van der Heiden, C., & Scholtz, G. (2010). The enigmatic Marmorkrebs (marbled crayfish) is the parthenogenetic form of Procambarus fallax (Hagen 1870). Contributions to Zoology, 79, 107–118.Google Scholar
  116. Martinez, P. J. (2012). Invasive crayfish in a high desert river: Implications of concurrent invaders and climate change. Aquatic Invasions, 7, 219–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Marzano, F. N., Scalici, M., Chiesa, S., Gherardi, F., Piccinini, A., & Gibertini, G. (2009). The first record of the marbled crayfish adds further threats to fresh waters in Italy. Aquatic Invasions, 4, 401–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Master, L. (1990). The imperiled status of North American aquatic animals. National Biodiversity Network, 3(1–2), 7–8.Google Scholar
  119. Matsuura, S., & Hamano, T. (1984). Selection of artiicial burrows by the Japanese mantis shrimp with some notes on natural burrows. Fisheries Science, 50, 1963–1968.Google Scholar
  120. Mendoza-Alfaro, R. E., Rodríguez-Almaraz, G. A., & Castillo-Alvarado, S. A. (2011). Riesgo de dispersión y posibles impactos de los acociles australianos del género Cherax en México. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León – Conabio.Google Scholar
  121. Miller, G. C. (1960). The taxonomic and certain biological aspects of the crayfish of Oregon and Washington. (Master thesis). Oregon States College, Corvallis, USAGoogle Scholar
  122. Milner-Gulland, E. J., & Lhagvasuren, B. (1998). Population dynamics of the Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa: An historical analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 240–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Ministry for Nature and the Environment of Mongolia. (1997). Mongolian red book. Ulaanbaatar, (pp. 190–191). (in Russian with English).Google Scholar
  124. MMA. (2013a). Parastacus nicoleti, P. pugnax y Samastacus spinifrons. In: Ministerio del Medio Ambiente del Chile. 10 Proceso de clasificación de las especies silvestres del Chile. Actas RCE 1.Google Scholar
  125. MMA. (2013b) Virilastacus araucanius. In: Ministerio del Medio Ambiente del Chile. 10 Proceso de clasificación de las especies silvestres del Chile. Actas RCE 1.Google Scholar
  126. Nakata, K., & Goshima, S. (2003). Competition for shelter of preferred sizes between the native crayfish species Cambaroides japonicusand the alien crayfish species Pacifastacus leniusculusin Japan in relation to prior residence, sex difference, and body size. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 23, 897–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Nakata, K., & Goshima, S. (2006). Asymmetry in mutual predation between the endangered Japanese native crayfish Cambaroides japonicusand the North American invasive crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus: A possible reason for species replacement. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 26, 897–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Owen, C. L., Bracken-Grissom, H., Stern, D., & Crandall, K. A. (2015). A synthetic phylogeny of freshwater crayfish: Insights for conservation. Philosophical Transactions B, 370, 20140009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Palaoro, A. V., Dalosto, M. M., Costa, G. C., & Santos, S. (2013). Niche conservatism and the potential for the crayfish Procambarus clarkiito invade South America. Freshwater Biology, 58, 1379–1391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Peay, S., & Füreder, L. (2011). Two indigenous European crayfish under threat—how can we retain them in aquatic ecosystems for the future? Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 401, 33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Pedraza-Lara, C., Alda, F., Carranza, S., & Doadrio, I. (2010). Mitochondrial DNA structure of the Iberian populations of the white-clawed crayfish, Austropotamobius italicus italicus (Faxon, 1914). Molcular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57, 327–342.Google Scholar
  132. Pintor, L. M., Sih, A., & Bauer, M. L. (2008). Differences in aggression, activity and boldness between native and introduced populations of an invasive crayfish. Oikos, 117, 1629–1636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Raberisoa, B., Elouard, J.-M., & Ramanankasina, E. (1996). Biogéographie des écrevisses Malgaches (Decapoda: Parastacidae). In W. R. Lourenco (Ed.), Biogéographie de Madagascar (pp. 559–562). Paris: ORSTOM.Google Scholar
  134. Rabeharisoa, B. (1996). Crayfish (Parastacidae) and crabs (Potamonidae) of the Reserve Naturelle Integrale d’Andringitra, Madagascar. Fieldiana Zoology n.s. 85:155–157Google Scholar
  135. Reynolds, J., & Souty-Grosset, C. (2012). Management of Freshwater Biodiversity: Crayfish as Bioindicators. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  136. Richardson, A. M. M., & Doran, N. E. (2008). The role of burrowing crayfish in Tasmanian sedgelands. Australasian Plant Conservation, 16, 22–24.Google Scholar
  137. Richman, N. I., Böhm, M., Adams, S. B., Alvarez, F., Bergey, E. A., Bunn, J. J. S., et al. (2015). Multiple drivers of decline in the global status of freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Astacidea). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 370, 20140060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Riegel, J. A. (1959). The systematic and distribution of crayfishes in California. California Fish and Game, 45, 29–50.Google Scholar
  139. Riek, E. F. (1969). The Australian freshwater crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae), with descriptions of a new species. Australian Journal of Zoology, 17, 855–918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Riek, E. F. (1972). The phylogeny of the parastacidae (Crustacea: Astacoidea), and description of a new genus of Australian freshwater crayfishes. Australian Journal of Zoology, 20, 369–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Rodrigues, A. S. L., Pilgrim, J. D., Lamoreux, J. F., Hoffmann, M., & Brooks, T. M. (2006). The value of the IUCN Red List for conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 21, 71–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Rudolph, E. H. (2010). Sobre la distribución geográfica de las especies chilenas de Parastacidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacidea). Boletín de Biodiversidad de Chile, 3, 32–46.Google Scholar
  143. Rudolph, E. H. (2013). Freshwater Malacostracans in Chilean Inland Waters: A checklist of the Chilean parastacidae (Decapoda, Astacidea). Crustaceana, 86, 1468–1510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Rudolph, E., & Almerão, M. (2015). The Native South American Crayfish (Decapoda: Parastacidae). In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: A global overview (pp. 464–484). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Rudolph, E. H., & Crandall, K. A. (2007). A new species of burrowing crayfish Virilastacus retamali (Decapoda: Parastacidae) from the southern Chilean peatland. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 27, 502–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Rudolph, E. H., & Crandall, K. A. (2012). A new species of burrowing crayfish, Virilastacus jarai (Crustacea, Decapoda, Parastacidae) from central-southern Chile. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 125, 258–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Santucci, F., Iaconelli, M., Andreani, P., Cianchi, R., Nascetti, G., & Bullini, L. (1997). Allozyme diversity of European freshwater crayfish of the genus Austropotamobius. Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 347, 663–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Scholtz, G. (2002). Phylogeny and evolution. In D. M. Holdich (Ed.), Biology of freshwater crayfish (pp. 30–52). Oxford: Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
  149. Scholtz, G., & Kawai, T. (2002). Aspects of embryonic and post embryonic development of the Japanese freshwater crayfish Cambaroides japonicus (Crustacea, Decapoda) including a hypothesis on the evolution of maternal care in the Astacida. Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 83, 203–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Scholtz, G., Braband, A., Tolley, L., Reimann, A., Mittmann, B., Lukhaup, C., et al. (2003). Parthenogenesis in an outsider crayfish. Nature, 421, 806–806.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. SEMARNAT, (2010). Norma oficial mexicana NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010, Protección ambiental - Especies nativas de México de flora y fauna silvestres - Categorías de riesgo y especificaciones para su inclusión, exclusión o cambio - Lista de especies en riesgo. Dirario Oficial, jueves 30 de diciembre de 2010.Google Scholar
  152. Silva, H. L. M., & Bueno, S. L. S. (2005). Population size estimation of the exotic crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Cambaridae) in the Alfredo Volpi City Park, São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22, 93–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Simić, V., Petrović, A., Rajković, M., & Paunović, M. (2008). Crayfish of Serbia and Montenegro—the population status and the level of endangerment. Crustaceana, 81, 1153–1176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Singleton, J. (1987). Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants: Proposed endangered status for the Shasta crayfish. Federal Register, 52, 26036–26040.Google Scholar
  155. Sonntag, M. M. (2006). Taxonomic standing of the three subspecies of Pacifastacus leniusculus, and their phylogeographic patterns in the Klamath Basin area. (MS Thesis), Brigham Young University, Provo, UtahGoogle Scholar
  156. YaI, Starobogatov. (1995). published in January 1996)) Taxonomy and geographical distribution of crayfishes of Asia and east Europe (Crustacea Decapoda Astacoidei. Arthropoda Selecta, 4, 3–25.Google Scholar
  157. Stebbing, T. R. R. (1893). A history of Crustacean, recent Malacostraca (The International Science Series). New York: D. Appleton.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Stloukal, E. (2009). Recent distribution of non-indigenuous crayfish species in Slovakia. Folia faunistica Slovaca, 14, 119–122.Google Scholar
  159. Stoynov, E., Parvanov, D., & Grozdanov, A. (2013). Distribution of crayfish and crabs in the upper reaches of the Kamchiya River, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19, 250–254.Google Scholar
  160. Taylor, C. A., Schuster, G. A., Cooper, J. E., Distefano, R. J., Eversole, A. G., Hamr, P., et al. (2007). A reassessment of the conservation status of crayfishes of the United States and Canada after 10 + years of increased awareness. Fisheries, 38, 372–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Thoma, R. (2015). The crayfish fauna of Canada and the United States in North America. In T. Kawai, Z. Faulkes, & G. Scholtz (Eds.), Freshwater crayfish: Global overview (pp. 369–403). Florida: CRC-Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Threatened Species Section. (2006). Giant Freshwater Lobster Astacopsis gouldiRecovery Plan 2006–2010. Hobart, Tasmania, Australia: Department of Primary Industries and Water.Google Scholar
  163. Toon, A., Pérez‐Losada, M., Schweitzer, C. E., Feldmann, R. M., Carlson, M., & Crandall, K. A. (2010). Gondwanan radiation of the Southern Hemisphere crayfishes (Decapoda: Parastacidae): Evidence from fossils and molecules. Journal of Biogeography 37(12):2275–2290. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02374.x http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jb1
  164. Torres, E., & Álvarez, F. (2012). Genetic variation in native and introduced populations of the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Cambaridae) in Mexico and Costa Rica. Aquatic Invertebrate, 7, 235–241.Google Scholar
  165. Tricarico, E., Vilizzi, L., Gherardi, F., & Copp, G. H. (2010). Calibration of FI-ISK, an invasiveness screening tool for nonnative freshwater invertebrates. Risk Analysis, 30, 285–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Trichkova, T., Botev, I., Hubenov, Z., Kenderov, L., Todorov, M., Kozuharov, D., et al. (2013). Freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Astacidae) distribution and conservation in Bulgaria. Freshwater Crayfish, 19, 243–248.Google Scholar
  167. Trožic´-Borovac, S. (2011). Freshwater crayfish in Bosnia and Herzegovina: The first report on their distribution. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 401, 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Vogt, G., Tolley, L., & Scholtz, G. (2004). Life stages and reproductive components of the Marmorkrebs (marbled crayfish), the first parthenogenetic decapod crustacean. Journal of Morphology, 261, 286–311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Vogt, G. (2016). Direct development and posthatching brood care as key features of the evolution of freshwater Decapoda and challenges for conservation. In T. Kawai & N. Cumberlidge (Eds.), A Global Overview of the Conservation of Decapod Crustaceans. Switzerland: Springer.Google Scholar
  170. Wardell-Johnson, G., & Horwitz, P. (1996). Conserving biodiversity and the recognition of heterogeneity in ancient landscapes: A case study from South-Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 85, 219–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Weinländer, M., & Füreder, L. (2009). The continuing spread of Pacifastacus leniusculusin Carinthia (Austria). Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 394–395, 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Wells, S. M., Pyle, R. M., & Collins, N. M. (1983). The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. Gland, Switzerland: The IUCN.Google Scholar
  173. Whitmore, N., Huryn, A. D., Arbuckle, C. J., Jansma, F. (2000). Ecology and distribution of the freshwater crayfish Paranephrops zealandicusin Otago. Implications for conservation. Department of Conservation, Science for Conservation 148, Wellington.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wakkanai Fisheries Research InstituteWakkanaiJapan
  2. 2.Computational Biology InstituteGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations