Advertisement

International Soil Protection Law: History, Concepts and Latest Developments

  • Ben W. BoerEmail author
  • Harald Ginzky
  • Irene L. Heuser
Chapter
Part of the International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy book series (IYSLP, volume 2016)

Abstract

This chapter sets out a short history of the development of soil protection law, focusing on the international legal aspects. It introduces the notion that soil, as a non-renewable natural resource, performs a range of functions, in terms of biodiversity conservation, food security and health. It argues that soil degradation needs to be treated on the same level as the loss of biodiversity and the adverse effects of climate change. It also urges that soil should be regarded as a common concern of humankind, and that over-arching international, regional and national regulation is required. It explores recent developments relevant to soil, including those found in the Outcome Document of the Rio de Janeiro 2012 Conference on Environment and Development ‘The Future We Want’, as well as the Sustainable Development Goals and Targets that were approved by the UN General Assembly in September 2015.

Keywords

Clean Development Mechanism Kyoto Protocol Land Degradation Sustainable Development Goal Soil Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Barbier EB, Hochard JP (2016) Does land degradation increase poverty in developing countries? PLoS One. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152973
  2. Birnie P, Redgwell C, Boyle A (2009) International law and the environment, 3rd ednGoogle Scholar
  3. Boer B (2014) Land degradation as a common concern of humankind. In: Lenzerini F, Vrdoljak F (eds) International law for common goods, S. 289, 300 ffGoogle Scholar
  4. Boer B (2015) Introduction to ASEAN regional environmental law. In: Scholtz W, Verschuuren J (eds) Regional environmental law: transregional comparative lessons in pursuit of sustainable development, pp 251–281Google Scholar
  5. Boer B, Hannam I (2003) Legal aspects of the sustainable soils. Rev Eur Comp Int Environ Law 12(2):149–163Google Scholar
  6. Boer B, Hannam I (2015) Developing a global soil regime. Special edition, Int J Rural Law Policy 1–13Google Scholar
  7. Council of Europe (1972) Committee of Ministers, Resolution (72) 19, European Soil Charter, adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 30 May 1972 at the 211th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies, p 1 ffGoogle Scholar
  8. Council of Europe (2003) Committee for the activities of the Council of Europe in the field of biological and landscape diversity, COP-DBP (2003) 10, Revised European Charter for the Protection and Sustainable Management of Soil, adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe at its 840th meeting on 28 May 2003Google Scholar
  9. Dooley E, Robert E, Wunder S (2015) Rechtliche Instrumente zur Operationalisierung des Ziels der Land Degradation Neutral World, Zeitschrift für Umweltrecht, p 209Google Scholar
  10. Eikermann A (2014) Der Wald im internationalen Recht: Defizite, Regelungsoptionen und Mindestanforderungen, Gutachten im Auftrag des Bundesamts für NaturschutzGoogle Scholar
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1982) World Soil Charter, November 1982, Text: http://www.fao.org/3/az897e
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2015) 39th Conference, Rome 6–13 June 2015, Global Soil Partnership - World Soil Charter, Doc. C 2015/31 of April 2015, 1Google Scholar
  13. Fromherz NA (2012) The case for a global treaty on soil conservation, sustainable farming, and the preservation of agrarian culture. Ecol Law Quart 39:57–122Google Scholar
  14. Ginzky H (2016) Bodenschutz weltweit – Konzeptionelle Überlegungen für ein internationales Regime. Handbuch Boden, pp 1–32Google Scholar
  15. Hannam I, Boer B (2002) Legal and institutional frameworks for sustainable use of soils. IUCN Environmental Policy and Law Paper No. 45Google Scholar
  16. Held M, Kümmerer K, Odendahl K (1998) Tutzinger Projekt ‘Ökologie der Zeit’, Böden als Lebensgrundlage erhalten!, Vorschlag für ein ‘Übereinkommen zum nachhaltigen Umgang mit Böden (Bodenkonvention)’, TutzingGoogle Scholar
  17. Heuser I (2005) Europäisches Bodenschutzrecht. BerlinGoogle Scholar
  18. Markus T (2016) The Alpine convention’s soil conservation protocol: a model regime? Yearbook of Soil Law and PolicyGoogle Scholar
  19. Mastrojeni G (2016) Soil degradation and migrations in the age of the global environmental crisis: a policy-making perspective. Yearbook of Soil Law and PolicyGoogle Scholar
  20. Milman O (2 December 2015) Earth has lost a third of arable land in past 40 years, scientists say. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/dec/02/arable-land-soil-food-security-shortage
  21. Minelli S, Erlewein A, Castillo V (2016) Land degradation neutrality and the UNCCD: from political vision to measurable targets. International Yearbook of Soil Law and PolicyGoogle Scholar
  22. Streck C, Gay A (2016) The role of soils in international climate change policy. International Yearbook of Soil Law and PolicyGoogle Scholar
  23. UNCCD Secretariat Policy Brief (2012) Zero Net Land Degradation: A Sustainable Development Goal for Rio+20; see http://www.unccd.int/Lists/SiteDocumentLibrary/Rio+20/UNCCD_PolicyBrief_ZeroNetLandDegradation.pdf
  24. United Nations (1972) 21st Plenary Meeting on 16 June 1972, Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, see http://www.unep.org/documents.multilingual/default.asp?documentid=97&articleid=1503
  25. United Nations (1982) General Assembly, World Charter for Nature, A/RES/37/7, 48th plenary meeting, 28 October 1982Google Scholar
  26. United Nations (2002) Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable DevelopmentGoogle Scholar
  27. United Nations (2012) General Assembly, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 11 September 2012, 66/288, The Future We WantGoogle Scholar
  28. United Nations (2015) General Assembly, Seventieth Session, No. 11688, Agenda items 15 and 116, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development’, A/RES/70/1, p 1Google Scholar
  29. United Nations Environment Programme (1983) Environmental guidelines for the formulation of national soil policies, Nairobi 1983Google Scholar
  30. Wolff F, Kaphengst T (2016) The UN Convention on biological diversity and soils: status and future options. International Yearbook of Soil Law and PolicyGoogle Scholar
  31. Wyatt A (2008) The dirt on international environmental law regarding soils: is the existing regime adequate? Duke Environ Law Policy Forum 19:165Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben W. Boer
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Harald Ginzky
    • 3
  • Irene L. Heuser
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Institute of Environmental LawWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.German Environment AgencyDessauGermany
  4. 4.IUCN World Commission on Environmental LawDeputy Chair of Specialist Group on Sustainable Soils and DesertificationKleinmachnowGermany

Personalised recommendations