People, Place, and Time: Inferences from Diagrams

  • Barbara TverskyEmail author
  • Jie Gao
  • James E. Corter
  • Yuko Tanaka
  • Jeffrey V. Nickerson
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9781)


Keeping track of things as they move in space and time is a task common to scientists, marketers, spies, coaches, and more. Visualizations of complex information aid drawing inferences and conclusions but there are many ways to represent data. Here we show that the kinds of inferences people draw depend on the kind of visualization, boxes in tables or lines in graphs. Lines link and boxes contain; they both direct attention and create meaning.


Diagrams Information visualization Inference Data displays 



The authors gratefully acknowledge awards IIS-0725223, HHC-0905417, IIS-0855995 and IIS-0968561 from the National Science Foundation, and the Stanford Regional Visualization and Analysis Center for partial support of the research or preparation of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Tversky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jie Gao
    • 1
  • James E. Corter
    • 1
  • Yuko Tanaka
    • 2
  • Jeffrey V. Nickerson
    • 3
  1. 1.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan
  3. 3.Stevens Institute of TechnologyHobokenUSA

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