Belowground Defence Strategies Against Fusarium oxysporum

  • Louise F. Thatcher
  • Brendan N. Kidd
  • Kemal Kazan
Chapter
Part of the Signaling and Communication in Plants book series (SIGCOMM)

Abstract

The root-infecting pathogen Fusarium oxysporum (causative agent of the Fusarium wilt disease) causes widespread losses in many plant species, including important crop plants such as cotton, melons, bananas and tomatoes; many legume species such as chickpeas, peas, lentils and Medicago; and various tree species such as palms. The spores of this pathogen survive in soil for long periods; thus, it is notoriously difficult to eradicate following soil contamination. The pathogen enters into the compatible plants through root tips and lateral root initials, initially invading the cortex tissue. It then gradually moves through the xylem tissue to the upper part of the plant. In addition to the secretion of effectors (e.g. toxins) into the plant cell, the infection by this pathogen can lead to the deposition of plant defence substances such as gums and tyloses in the xylem, which then blocks the water and solute transport to the upper parts of the plant. This leads to wilting, discolouration of xylem, followed by senescence and infection-associated necrotic symptom development in the leaves of infected plants. A number of other developmental changes can also be observed in pathogen-infected plants. Here we describe F. oxysporum–host interactions, highlighting recent updates on pathogen infection strategies and host resistance mechanisms.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by funds from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). BNK is supported by a CSIRO Office of the Chief Executive (OCE) postdoctoral fellowship. The 35sSIX4 microarray results presented herein were undertaken within an OCE postdoctoral fellowship awarded to LFT and with the assistance of resources from the Australian Genome Research Facility (AGRF) which is supported by the Australian Government. We thank past members of our labs for their valuable contributions to some of the work reviewed here.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louise F. Thatcher
    • 1
  • Brendan N. Kidd
    • 1
  • Kemal Kazan
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Environment and Life SciencesCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization AgricultureWembleyAustralia
  2. 2.Queensland Bioscience PrecinctCSIRO AgricultureSt. LuciaAustralia
  3. 3.The Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation (QAAFI), Queensland Bioscience PrecinctThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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