The recording of voiding symptoms at home under normal circumstances is crucial for the assessment of the lower urinary tract function in childhood. In the paediatric population, bladder diaries (BD) or frequency volume charts are routinely used in clinical practice and provide a non-invasive method to evaluate children with lower urinary tract symptoms. The ideal minimal time to complete the bladder diary is controversial, and in literature there is a lack of studies regarding bladder diaries for children.
There is an important relationship between bladder and bowel dysfunction, and for this reason bowel diaries are recommended as helpful to evaluate children with voiding problems and to monitor the treatment. The most common conditions for which diaries are useful in children are bladder bowel dysfunction and enuresis.
A bladder diary has some limitations, such as the fact that post-voiding residual (PVR) cannot be measured while being an important parameter to calculate the bladder capacity. Still, BDs are important in the understanding of voiding disturbances.
KeywordsUrinary incontinence Paediatric Diaries
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