Open Surgery for Incontinence

  • Tom P. V. M. de JongEmail author
  • Aart J. Klijn
Part of the Urodynamics, Neurourology and Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions book series (UNPFD)


Children with a neurogenic bladder have a denervated, paralyzed sphincter and pelvic floor in approximately 40% of cases. They need surgery to become dry and CIC to empty the bladder after surgery. Children with an overactive pelvic floor are dry on CIC but may need bladder surgery in case the bladder develops hostile pressures for the upper tract. Techniques of bladder neck surgery, slings, bladder augmentation techniques and catheterisable stomas will be described



We thank Mrs. Ingrid Visser for drawing the pictures in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric UrologyUniversity Children’s Hospitals UMC Utrecht and AMC AmsterdamUtrechtThe Netherlands

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