Cerebral Palsy and Other Encephalopathies
Cerebral palsy and related encephalopathies of the central nervous system (CNS) are conditions that often affect lower urinary tract function in obvious as well as subtle ways. It is important for clinicians to recognize that CNS conditions can lead to abnormalities in bladder and urethral sphincter function. This chapter provides knowledge of how the central nervous system modulates lower urinary tract function, what the signs and symptoms are that alerts the clinician to a potential abnormality of the lower urinary tract, what investigative tests are needed in a stepwise fashion to determine that an abnormality exists and the best approaches to managing it.
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