Towards Evaluating the Impact of Anaphora Resolution on Text Summarisation from a Human Perspective

  • Mostafa BayomiEmail author
  • Killian Levacher
  • M. Rami Ghorab
  • Peter Lavin
  • Alexander O’Connor
  • Séamus Lawless
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9612)


Automatic Text Summarisation (TS) is the process of abstracting key content from information sources. Previous research attempted to combine diverse NLP techniques to improve the quality of the produced summaries. The study reported in this paper seeks to establish whether Anaphora Resolution (AR) can improve the quality of generated summaries, and to assess whether AR has the same impact on text from different subject domains. Summarisation evaluation is critical to the development of automatic summarisation systems. Previous studies have evaluated their summaries using automatic techniques. However, automatic techniques lack the ability to evaluate certain factors which are better quantified by human beings. In this paper the summaries are evaluated via human judgment, where the following factors are taken into consideration: informativeness, readability and understandability, conciseness, and the overall quality of the summary. Overall, the results of this study depict a pattern of slight but not significant increases in the quality of summaries produced using AR. At a subject domain level, however, the results demonstrate that the contribution of AR towards TS is domain dependent and for some domains it has a statistically significant impact on TS.


Text summarisation Anaphora resolution TextRank 



This research is supported by Science Foundation Ireland through the CNGL Programme (Grant 12/CE/I2267) in the ADAPT Centre ( at Trinity College Dublin.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mostafa Bayomi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Killian Levacher
    • 1
  • M. Rami Ghorab
    • 3
  • Peter Lavin
    • 1
  • Alexander O’Connor
    • 2
  • Séamus Lawless
    • 1
  1. 1.ADAPT Centre, Knowledge and Data Engineering Group, School of Computer Science and StatisticsTrinity College DublinDublinIreland
  2. 2.ADAPT Centre, School of ComputingDublin City UniversityDublinIreland
  3. 3.IBM AnalyticsIBM Technology CampusDublinIreland

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