Refractive Surgery in Systemic Diseases and Non Ectatic Eye Pathologies

  • Fernando LlovetEmail author
  • Julio Ortega-Usobiaga
  • Andrea Llovet


Every patient who wants to go in for refractive surgery should be asked about their general clinical history. Every medical or surgical event in the past could be crucially important in the case they undergo refractive surgery. The data about diseases, medications, surgeries and allergies should be collected. Some of these may affect the postoperative period of the patients [1].


Macular Hole Anterior Uveitis Refractive Surgery Corneal Dystrophy Surface Ablation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 6.1

The central Bowman-reflex surrounded by a deeper ablated stromal reflex (WMV 99 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Llovet
    • 1
    Email author
  • Julio Ortega-Usobiaga
    • 1
  • Andrea Llovet
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Refractive and Cataract SurgeryClínica BavieraMadridSpain
  2. 2.OphthalmologyCentro de Oftalmología BarraquerBarcelonaSpain

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