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Neurosurgical Overview

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Abstract

Stroke refers to any new neurological symptoms with sudden onset. This commonly used term can refer to any cerebrovascular disease of the nervous system that interrupts neural tissue function abruptly. When patients present to the emergency room with an abrupt onset of new focal neurologic deficits, the etiology of 95 % will be vascular (i.e., stroke), and 5 % will be other disease processes such as seizures, tumor, or psychogenic. Stroke is most commonly used to describe an ischemic event involving an acute occlusion of an artery supplying neural tissue. However, stroke can also result from loss of neural tissue function secondary to sudden hemorrhage into the neural tissue. Approximately 85 % of all strokes are ischemic in nature, while the remaining 15 % of strokes are hemorrhagic in nature [1].

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Ischemic Stroke Arteriovenous Malformation Hemorrhagic Stroke Stereotactic Radiosurgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurosurgeons of New JerseyWest Long BranchUSA
  2. 2.Monmouth Medical CenterLong BranchUSA
  3. 3.Columbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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