Specification of Symbols Used in Audio-Tactile Maps for Individuals with Blindness

  • Konstantinos Papadopoulos
  • Konstantinos CharitakisEmail author
  • Eleni Koustriava
  • Lefkothea Kartasidou
  • Efstratios Stylianidis
  • Georgios Kouroupetroglou
  • Suad Sakalli Gumus
  • Karin Müller
  • Engin Yilmaz
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9759)


The implementation of multisensory environments in the field of map construction for individuals with visual impairments can be a challenging area for both users and designers of orientation and mobility aids. Audio-tactile maps can utilize a large amount of spatial information represented by audio symbols, tactile symbols, audio-tactile symbols (combined) and Braille labels. In regard to audio-tactile maps an important clarification needs to be elaborated and in particular what needs to be carefully examined is the basic query of which information should be presented in haptic mode and which information should be presented in audio or audio-haptic mode. In practice this means that a reasoned process of defining the appropriate symbols for audio-tactile maps should be implemented. The fundamental aim of project “ATMAPS” - Specification of symbols used on Audio-Tactile Maps for individuals with blindness” presented in this paper is the specification of symbols to be used in audio-tactile maps for individuals with blindness.


Blind Visual impairment Audio-tactile map Audio-tactile symbol 



The work presented in this paper was conducted in the frames of the ATMAPS project titled “Specification of symbols used on audio-tactile maps for individuals with blindness” under the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP). The project (543316-LLP-1-2013-1-GR-KA3-KA3MP) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantinos Papadopoulos
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Charitakis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eleni Koustriava
    • 1
  • Lefkothea Kartasidou
    • 1
  • Efstratios Stylianidis
    • 2
  • Georgios Kouroupetroglou
    • 3
  • Suad Sakalli Gumus
    • 4
  • Karin Müller
    • 5
  • Engin Yilmaz
    • 6
  1. 1.University of MacedoniaThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Aristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.National and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  4. 4.Mustafa Kemal UniversityAntakyaTurkey
  5. 5.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  6. 6.Association of Barrier Free AccessIstanbulTurkey

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