Norm-Based Locality Measures of Two-Dimensional Hilbert Curves

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9778)

Abstract

A discrete space-filling curve provides a 1-dimensional indexing or traversal of a multi-dimensional grid space. Applications of space-filling curves include multi-dimensional indexing methods, parallel computing, and image compression. Common goodness-measures for the applicability of space-filling curve families are locality and clustering. Locality reflects proximity preservation that close-by grid points are mapped to close-by indices or vice versa. We present an analytical study on the locality property of the 2-dimensional Hilbert curve family. The underlying locality measure, based on the p-normed metric \(d_{p}\), is the maximum ratio of \(d_{p}(u, v)^{m}\) to \(d_{p}(\tilde{u}, \tilde{v})\) over all corresponding point-pairs (uv) and \((\tilde{u}, \tilde{v})\) in the m-dimensional grid space and 1-dimensional index space, respectively. Our analytical results identify all candidate representative grid-point pairs (realizing the locality-measure values) for all real norm-parameters in the unit interval [1, 2] and grid-orders. Together with the known results for other norm-parameter values, we have almost complete knowledge of the locality measure of 2-dimensional Hilbert curves over the entire spectrum of possible norm-parameter values.

Keywords

Space-filling curves Hilbert curves z-order curves Locality 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceArkansas State UniversityJonesboroUSA

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