Applications of Ultrasound in Emergency
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Acute urinary tract disorders are a common complaint of patients who present to the emergency department. The pain is often poorly localized and it can have a variety of causes. Laboratory and clinical findings are neither sensitive nor specific for determining the cause of the pain. Accordingly, imaging is an important tool for diagnosis and management. The most common conditions for these patients are renal colic, renal infection, hematuria, acute scrotal pain, and trauma.
KeywordsUreteral Stone Spermatic Cord Renal Colic Testicular Torsion Tunica Albuginea
Acute epididymitis. In the movie, the body and the tail of the epididymis are enlarged and hypoechoic, with reactive hydrocele and scrotal wall thickening. At color Doppler (AVI 28083 kb)
A clearly increased colored signals is visible (AVI 15573 kb)
Testicular torsion. In the movie, the testis appears enlarged and not homogeneous. In the upper pole, the twisted spermatic cord appears as a hyperechoic mass around the testis. A reactive hydrocele is present. At color Doppler (AVI 29847 kb)
The testis appears completely avascular (AVI 8779 kb)
- 6.(2014) Guidelines on urolithiasis. European Association of Urology. In: http://www.uroweb.org/gls/pdf/22%20Urolithiasis_LR.pdf. http://www.uroweb.org/gls/pockets/english/22Urolithiasis_LR.pdf.