Applications of Ultrasound in Emergency

  • Valentino MassimoEmail author
  • Bertolotto Michele
  • Barozzi Libero
  • Pavlica Pietro
  • Derchi Lorenzo


Acute urinary tract disorders are a common complaint of patients who present to the emergency department. The pain is often poorly localized and it can have a variety of causes. Laboratory and clinical findings are neither sensitive nor specific for determining the cause of the pain. Accordingly, imaging is an important tool for diagnosis and management. The most common conditions for these patients are renal colic, renal infection, hematuria, acute scrotal pain, and trauma.


Ureteral Stone Spermatic Cord Renal Colic Testicular Torsion Tunica Albuginea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 58.1

Acute epididymitis. In the movie, the body and the tail of the epididymis are enlarged and hypoechoic, with reactive hydrocele and scrotal wall thickening. At color Doppler (AVI 28083 kb)

Video 58.2

A clearly increased colored signals is visible (AVI 15573 kb)

Video 58.3

Testicular torsion. In the movie, the testis appears enlarged and not homogeneous. In the upper pole, the twisted spermatic cord appears as a hyperechoic mass around the testis. A reactive hydrocele is present. At color Doppler (AVI 29847 kb)

Video 58.4

The testis appears completely avascular (AVI 8779 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentino Massimo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bertolotto Michele
    • 2
  • Barozzi Libero
    • 3
  • Pavlica Pietro
    • 4
  • Derchi Lorenzo
    • 5
  1. 1.RadiologyTolmezzo hospitalTolmezzoItaly
  2. 2.Department RadiologyUniversity of Trieste, Ospedale di CattinaraTriesteItaly
  3. 3.Radiology UnitCasa di Cura Madre Fortunata TonioloBolognaItaly
  4. 4.GVM Care and ResearchVillalba HospitalBolognaItaly
  5. 5.Dicmi-RadiologiaUniversity of GenovaGenoaItaly

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