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Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Adolescents

  • Sanyukta Mathur
  • Margo Mullinax
  • John S. Santelli
Chapter

Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV infection, can have a profound impact on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. While adolescents are a quarter of the sexually active population, they represent nearly half of all new STI cases globally. STIs have considerable impact on the morbidity and mortality for infected individual, but also their partners and children. A complex interplay of biological, behavioral, sociocultural, and ecological factors put young people at risk of STIs. This chapter discusses the global spread of STIs among adolescents, the pathogens, symptoms, and health consequences of select STIs, social and behavioral determinants of STIs, and we describe key public health approaches aimed at reducing the burden of STIs among adolescents.

Keywords

Adolescents STIs HIV Health consequences Public health approach Risk reduction Primary prevention 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Drs. Gail Shust and Dina Romo for their collegial review of the chapter drafts and Ms. Kathryn P. Martin and Ms. Nityanjali Thumallachetty for their support in gathering data and literature for this chapter.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanyukta Mathur
    • 1
  • Margo Mullinax
    • 2
  • John S. Santelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family HealthColumbia University Mailman School of Public HealthNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, Division of Gender, Sexuality, and HealthColumbia University and New York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA

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