Will o’the Wisp: Augmented Reality Navigation for Hikers

  • Catherine S. Johnson
  • Shambhavi Mahajan
  • Mehmet Ordu
  • Samyukta Sherugar
  • Bruce N. Walker
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 618)


In this study we discuss the design of a non-intrusive navigational aid for amateur hikers and evaluate issues of trust and efficiency. We conceptualized an augmented reality interaction to project on-demand GPS directions in front of the hiker, and integrated the system into a hiking stick. We implemented an Arduino-powered prototype to evaluate the concept, interactions, and form factor. Evaluation methods include heuristic evaluations with an expert panel, followed by a round of design iteration. This was proceeded by task-based usability testing with amateur hikers. Our results confirm that hikers adapted easily to the new interaction, though trust in the device was less forthcoming. Data also confirms the efficiency of the projected cues compared to a traditional paper map.


Augmented reality Navigation Hiking Arduino Usability testing 



Special thanks to Dr. Carrie Bruce for her insights and support throughout the project, as well as Clement Zheng and Harrison Daniels for their technical assistance with prototype development.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine S. Johnson
    • 1
  • Shambhavi Mahajan
    • 1
  • Mehmet Ordu
    • 1
  • Samyukta Sherugar
    • 1
  • Bruce N. Walker
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaGeorgia

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