Involving Communities as Skilled Learners: The STRAP Framework

  • Chiara Milan
  • Stefania Milan
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Communication for Social Change book series (PSCSC)


Conducting research in the field of development and social change entails working with communities, disadvantaged individuals and grassroots groups. This chapter takes such communities as skilled learners, and offers a ready-to-use community engagement checklist for research that is mindful of power relations. It explores five challenges, namely sharing, translation, relevance, accountability and power (STRAP), presented in the form of practical ‘questions’ that researchers should consider when doing fieldwork. The STRAP approach has the ability to create meaningful connections between researchers and the research subjects, while embedding the research into the process of social change itself. The chapter is illustrated with examples from our fieldwork with community Internet projects and radio stations across the world, and rural communities and grassroots women’s groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina.


Social Change Social Movement Gender Equality Skilled Learner Interview Partner 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiara Milan
    • 1
  • Stefania Milan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social and Political SciencesEuropean University InstituteSan Domenico di FiesoleItaly
  2. 2.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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