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The Triad of Strengths: A Strengths-Based Approach for Designing with Autistic Adults with Additional Learning Disabilities

  • Katie GaudionEmail author
  • Liz Pellicano
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9746)

Abstract

Autism is a condition that is often defined in terms of difficulties in social interaction, social communication, social understanding and imagination. Much existing research in autism and design is still framed around these so-called Triad of Impairments [1] the goal of which is to improve a person’s deficits; for example, developing technologies and environments to enhance communication and social interaction. This paper supports and builds upon existing autism research that views autism through a person’s strengths and abilities. This project aims to broaden this discussion into the field of design and turn the deficit-based framework on its head, through the development of a less generalized and more personalised design approach termed the Triad of Strengths, that views autism through a positive and enabling light. The paper describes how a strengths-based approach can support tangible design outcomes to create a positive impact on everyday life for autistic adults.

Keywords

Autism Design Strengths Environment Participation Interests Sensory preferences Action capabilities 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Helen Hamlyn Centre for Design, Royal College of ArtLondonUK
  2. 2.Centre for Research in Autism and Education (CRAE), UCL Institute of EducationUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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