Animation on How to Take Medicines: A Study of Electronic Patient Leaflets in Brazil

  • Carla Galvão SpinilloEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9747)


Animation has been proved to facilitate content learning. However, in Brazil the electronic Patient Information Leaflets (e-PILs) do not employ animation, but static images, to show medicine usage to patients. By considering animation a beneficial communication resource to PILs, a study was conducted with 80 participants on comprehension and simulated tasks of using the medicines: vaginal cream, insulin syringe, inhaler and nasal spray. The results ratified the assumption, however, suggest that (a) participants’ perception of their understanding and task performance are related to their satisfaction with the animation, and (b) there is a gap between users’ understanding of medicine animation and their task performance when using a medicine. Recommendations are proposed based upon the literature and the outcomes of the study.


Animation Medicine usage Comprehension Task performance 



The author would like to thank The National Council for Research and Development of Brazil (CNPq) for supporting this research, and the participants who volunteered to this study. Special thanks are due to the research assistants: Amanda Gomes, Elissandra Pereira, Larissa Asami and Tathianne Ferreira; and to Leandro Alburquerque for producing the illustrations.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DesignFederal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil

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