Advertisement

Beyond Innovation Within the City Limits

  • Pavel FarkasEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9747)

Abstract

Although vitalism, denoting a dismissed concept in biology (life sciences), is a term rooted in the late 18th century, we still may abstractly think of vitalism even today — in a very different context. The use of this term has changed in the course of centuries, and has been used across different disciplines. Reflecting texts of modern philosophers as well as architects, urban planners and thinkers, this essay is setting the term of vitalism into urban environment and aims to examine the philosophical qualities of space, rationalization, function and beauty in the 21st century. Cities are viewed here as interfaces to interact with. At the same time, Interaction Design (IxD) has tools for making the world a better place from the viewpoint of users: User-Centered Design is widely established and used term. I propose that urban vitalism may stand on qualities valued in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and I am trying to open paths for new concepts in understanding urban life by actualizing the patterns of interaction with the technological layer in our environments.

Keywords

Cities Design Interaction Philosophy Semiotics Usability Vitalism Wayfinding 

References

  1. 1.
    Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., Silverstein, M.: A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Oxford University Press, New York (1977). xliv, 1171 p. ISBN: 0195019199Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beckner, M.O.: Vitalism. In: Borchert, D.M., ed. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2nd ed., vol. 9, pp. 694–698. Thomson/Gale, New York (2005). ISBN 0028660722Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Braham, W.W., Hale, J.A., Sadar, J.S.: Rethinking Technology: A Reader in Architectural Theory. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, New York (2007). ISBN: 0203624335Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Calvino, I.: Invisible Cities, 1st edn. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York (1974). ISBN: 0151452903Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Castells, M.: Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age, 2nd edn. Polity Press, Malden, MA (2015). ISBN: 9780745695761Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    de Certeau, M.: The Practice of Everyday Life. University of California Press, Berkeley (1984). xxiv, 229 s. ISBN: 978-0-520-27145-6Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Deleuze, G., Hand, S.: Foucault. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis (1988). xlviii, 157 p. ISBN: 0816616752Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Garfield, G.: Transit Chicago Contact Us – Visiting CTA Archive & Information Design Specialist (personal correspondence). Chicago, Illinois (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gunter, P.A.Y., Bergson, H.L. In: Audi, R. (ed.) The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2006). ISBN 9780511074172.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Harrison, C., Abbott Donnelly, I.: A Theory of Smart Cities. New York (2011). http://journals.isss.org/index.php/proceedings55th/article/view/1703. Accessed 20 Feb 2016
  11. 11.
    Huxley, A.: Brave new world, 1 Harper Perennial Modern Classics. Harper Perennial, New York (2006) ISBN: 9780060850524Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Corbusier, L.E.: The Radiant City: Elements of a Doctrine of Urbanism to be Used as the Basis of Our Machine-Made Civilization. Faber, London (1967). ISBN: 0571080820Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lynch, K.: The Image of the City. The Technology Press & Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1960)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Marcelli, M.: Mesto vo filozofii (City in Philosophy), 1st edn. Kalligram, Bratislava (2011). 188 s. ISBN: 978-80-8101-400-0Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Marks, J.: Gilles Deleuze: Vitalism and Multiplicity. Pluto Press, Sterling, VA (1998). ISBN: 0745308732Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Normandin, S., Wolfe, C.T. (eds.): Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800-2010. Springer, New York (2013). ISBN: 978-940-0724-440Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ritchie, A.D.: Vitalism: its history and validity. Nature 145, 6–7 (1940). Normandin, S., Wolfe, C.T. (eds.) p. 2 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Saarinen, E.: The City: Its Growth, Its Decay, Its Future, 1st edn. Kingsport Press, Kingsport, Tenn (1943)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sadowski, J., Pasquale, F.: The spectrum of control: a social theory of the smart city. First Monday [S.l.], June 2015. ISSN: 13960466. doi: 10.5210/fm.v20i7.5903. <http://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/5903/4660>. Accessed 09 Feb 2016
  20. 20.
    Stollberg, G.: Vitalism and Vital Force in Life Sciences: The Demise and Life of a Scientific Conception. Bielefeld. http://www.uni-bielefeld.de/soz/pdf/Vitalism.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb 2016
  21. 21.
    Szántó, V.: Vitalistic approaches to life in early modern England. Theory Sci. 37(2), 209–230 (2015)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tournier, M., Denny, N.: Johns Hopkins paperbacks (ed.) Friday, p. 235. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (1997) ISBN: 0801855924Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ussai, R.: The Principles of UX Choreography, Medium.com. A Medium Corporation, Chicago (2015). https://medium.com/@becca_u/the-principles-of-ux-choreography-69c91c2cbc2a#.wb2okialy. Accessed 09 Feb 2016
  24. 24.
    Vacková, B.: Prostor, moc a utopie: ideální město a jeho společnost (Space, Power and Utopia: Ideal City and its Society), 1st edn. Masarykova univerzita, Mezinárodní politologický ústav, Brno (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of HumanitiesCharles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations