A Graphical System for Interactive Creation and Exploration of Dynamic Information Visualization

  • Jaqueline Zaia
  • João Luiz BernardesJr.Email author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9734)


Because of the growing amount of data available for analysis today, it is common to deal with large data sets, often too complex to be interpreted in their brute form. That is why Information Visualization techniques exist, to facilitate the analysis and interaction with data by humans through graphical abstractions. Motivated by the need to allow end users the autonomy to generate and edit visualizations according to their need, this work aims to underscore the importance of end user participation in the creation and support of these graphical abstractions of data. For this purpose, it is developed InterVis – a system for interactive creation of Information Visualizations based on dynamic data. The system is tested to verify whether this interactive creation of Information Visualizations, without programming, allied to the user knowledge of each application’s domain, will be more efficient from the perspective of usability without significant loss of flexibility, as expected.


Information visualization Graphical User Interface (GUI) Data abstraction 


  1. 1.
    Alencar, A.B.: Mineração e visualização de coleções de séries temporais. In: Tese de Doutorado. Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oliveira, M.C.F., Levkowitz, H.: From visual data exploration to visual data mining: a survey. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 9(3), 378–394 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heer, J., Card, S.K., Landay, J.A.: Prefuse: a toolkit for interactive information visualization. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 421–430. ACM (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, B., et al.: How users interact with biodiversity information using TaxonTree. In: Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, pp. 320–327. ACM (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dasgupta, A., Kosara, R.: Adaptive privacy-preserving visualization using parallel coordinates. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 17(12), 2241–2248 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistic.
  7. 7.
    Lund, A.M.: Measuring usability with the USE questionnaire. In: Usability Interface 8.2 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Keim, D., et al.: Information visualization and visual data mining. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 8(1), 1–8 (2002)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kennedy, J., Mitchell, K., Barclay, P.J.: A framework for information visualisation. ACM SIGMOD Rec. 25(4), 30–34 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Keim, D.A., Mansmann, F., Schneidewind, J., Ziegler, H.: Challenges in visual data analysis. In: Tenth International Conference on Information Visualization, IV 2006, pp. 9–16 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shneiderman, B.: The eyes have it: a task by data type taxonomy for information visualizations. In: Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages. IEEE (1996)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Plaisant, C., Milash, B., Rose, A., Widoff, S., Shneiderman, B.: LifeLines: visualizing personal histories. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 221–227 (1996)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gansner, E.R., Hu, Y., Kobourov, S.: GMap: visualizing graphs and clusters as maps. In: 2010 IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium (PacificVis), pp. 201–208 (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rutkowski, C.: An introduction to the human applications standard computer interface. Byte 7(10), 291–310 (1982)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Keim, D.A.: Visual exploration of large data sets. Commun. ACM 44(8), 38–44 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bertin, J.: Semiology of graphics: diagrams, networks, maps (1983)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stolte, C., Tang, D., Hanrahan, P.: Polaris: a system for query, analysis, and visualization of multidimensional relational databases. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 8(1), 52–65 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Catarci, T., Costabile, M.F., Levialdi, S., Batini, C.: Visual query systems for databases: a survey. J. Vis. Lang. Comput. 8(2), 215–260 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Harger, John R., Crossno, Patricia J.: Comparison of open-source visual analytics toolkits. In: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging. International Society for Optics and Photonics (2012)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yi, J.S., Ah Kang, Y., Stasko, J.T., Jacko, J.A.: Toward a deeper understanding of the role of interaction in information visualization. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 13(6), 1224–1231 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Plaisant, C., Carr, D., Shneiderman, B.: Image-browser taxonomy and guidelines for designers. IEEE Softw. 12(2), 21–32 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Card, S.K., Mackinlay, J.D., Shneiderman, B.: Readings in Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think. Morgan Kaufmann, Burlington (1999)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Speier, C.: The influence of information presentation formats on complex task decision-making performance. Int. J. Hum Comput Stud. 64(11), 1115–1131 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Few, S.: Information Dashboard Design, pp. 120–206. O’Reilly, Sebastopol (2006)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Eckstein, R., Loy, M., Wood, D.: Java Swing. O’Reilly & Associates Inc., Sebastopol (1998)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zukowski, J.: Java AWT Reference, vol. 3. O’Reilly, Sebastopol (1997)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Gassner, D.: Flash Builder 4 and Flex 4 Bible, vol. 683. Wiley, Hoboken (2010)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bederson, B.B., Grosjean, J., Meyer, J.: Toolkit design for interactive structured graphics. IEEE Trans. Softw. Eng. 30(8), 535–546 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bederson, B.B., Hollan, J.D.: Pad++: a zooming graphical interface for exploring alternate interface physics. In: Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, pp. 17–26 (1994)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bederson, B.B., McAlister, B.: Jazz: an extensible 2D+ zooming graphics toolkit in Java (1999)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bederson, B.B., Meyer, J., Good, L.: Jazz: an extensible zoomable user interface graphics toolkit in Java. In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, pp. 171–180 (2000)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Schroeder, W., Martin, K., Lorensen, B.: An Object-Oriented Approach To 3D Graphics, vol. 429. Prentice hall, Upper Saddle River (1997)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    JAVA3D, Java 3D API, Java SE Desktop Technologies.
  34. 34.
    Open Inventor, Silicon Graphics International Corp.
  35. 35.
    ISO/EIC (1998)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Freitas, C.M.D.S., Chubachi, O.M., Luzzardi, P.R.G., Cava, R.A.: Introdução à visualização de informações. Revista de informática teórica e aplicada. 8(2), 143–158 (2001)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Fekete, J.: The infovis toolkit. In: IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, INFOVIS 2004. IEEE (2004)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Tableau System.
  39. 39.
    Abello, J., Van Ham, F., Krishnan, N.: Ask-graphview: a large scale graph visualization system. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 12(5), 669–676 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Almeida, C., Apolinário, A.: OpenedEyes: developing an information visualization framework using web standards and open web technologies. In: Proceedings of the 18th Brazilian Symposium on Multimedia and the Web, pp. 59–66 (2012)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Granlund, A., Lafrenière, D., Carr, D.A.: A pattern-supported approach to the user interface design process. In: Proceedings of HCI International, vol. 1 (2001)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Plaisant, C.: The challenge of information visualization evaluation. In: Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, pp. 109–116 (2004)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Luzzardi, P., Freitas, C.M.D.S., Cava, R., Duarte, G., Vasconcelos, M.: An extended set of ergonomic criteria for information visualization techniques. In: Proceedings of the 7th IASTED International Conference on Computer Graphics and Imaging, pp. 236–241 (2004)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Shneiderman, B., Plaisant, C.: Strategies for evaluating information visualization tools: multi-dimensional in-depth long-term case studies. In: Proceedings of the 2006 AVI Workshop on Beyond Time and Errors: Novel Evaluation Methods for Information Visualization, pp. 1–7 (2006)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Krishnamoorthy, S. North, C.: Learnability of interactive coordinated-view visualizations. In: Proceedings of Ninth International Conference on Information Visualisation, 2005, pp. 306–311. IEEE (2005)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Granitzer, M., Kienreich, W., Sabol, V., Andrews, K., Klieber, W.: Evaluating a system for interactive exploration of large, hierarchically structured document repositories. In: IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, INFOVIS 2004, pp. 127–134. IEEE (2004)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    North, C., Shneiderman, B.: Snap-together visualization: a user interface for coordinating visualizations via relational schemata. In: Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, pp. 128–135 (2000)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Perez, C., De Antonio, A.: 3D visualization of text collections: an experimental study to assess the usefulness of 3D. In: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Information Visualisation, 2004, IV 2004, pp. 317–323. IEEE (2004)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Vogel, B., Kurti, A., Milrad, M., Kerren, A.: An interactive web-based visualization tool in action: user testing and usability aspects. In: 2011 IEEE 11th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT), pp. 403–408. IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Mariage, C., Vanderdonckt, J., Pribeanu, C.: State of the art of web usability guidelines. In: The handbook of Human Factors in Web Design, pp. 688–700 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Escola de Artes, Ciências e HumanidadesSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations