The Impact of Orientation and Mobility Aids on Wayfinding of Individuals with Blindness: Verbal Description vs. Audio-Tactile Map

  • Eleni Koustriava
  • Konstantinos Papadopoulos
  • Panagiotis Koukourikos
  • Marialena BaroutiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9739)


The aim of the present study was to examine if a verbal description of an urban area or an audio-tactile map would support the development of an effective cognitive route that could be used consequently for detecting specific points of interest in the actual area. Twenty adults with blindness (total blindness or only light perception) took part in the research. Two O&M aids were used: verbal descriptions and audio-tactile maps readable with the use of a touchpad device. Participants were asked to use each aid separately to encode the location of 6 points of interest, and next to walk within the area with the scope of detecting these points. The findings proved that an individual with visual impairments can acquire and use an effective cognitive route through the use of an audio-tactile map, while relying on a verbal description entails greater difficulties when he/she comes into the physical environment.


Blindness Touchpad Audio-tactile aid Orientation and mobility 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleni Koustriava
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Papadopoulos
    • 1
  • Panagiotis Koukourikos
    • 1
  • Marialena Barouti
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.University of MacedoniaThessalonikiGreece

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