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Measuring the Effect of Tangible Interaction on Design Cognition

  • Mary Lou MaherEmail author
  • John Gero
  • Lina Lee
  • Rongrong Yu
  • Tim Clausner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9743)

Abstract

Recent developments in interaction design provide gesture and tangible interaction as an alternative or complement to mouse, keyboard, and touch interaction. Tangible user interfaces provide affordances that encourage and facilitate specific actions on physical objects. There is evidence that gesture and action affect cognition, and therefore it is hypothesized that the affordances of tangible interaction will affect design cognition. In this paper we report on the analysis of experimental data in which participants are asked to make word combinations from a set of six nouns and give them meaning. The task is presented as a design task with references to function, behavior, and structure of the word combination meanings. The participants performed the task in two conditions: one in which grasping the words was afforded and one in which pointing at the words was afforded. We segmented and coded the verbal data using the function-behavior-structure coding scheme to compare the participants’ references to design issues across the two conditions. The results show that the two conditions differ in the phase in which they search for word combinations and the phase in which they described new meanings.

Keywords

Tangible interaction Cognition Creativity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was funded by NFS grant no. IIS-1218160 to M.L. Maher, T. Clausner, and A. Druin. The author contributions of this paper are: Clausner led the design of the experiment, which yielded data for coding and analysis both by cognitive scientific methods (in preparation), and the FBS coding and analysis (this paper) were led by Maher and Gero, with assistance by Lee and Yu.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Lou Maher
    • 1
    Email author
  • John Gero
    • 1
  • Lina Lee
    • 1
  • Rongrong Yu
    • 2
  • Tim Clausner
    • 3
  1. 1.University of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  3. 3.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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