Exploring the Hybrid Space

Theoretical Framework Applying Cognitive Science in Military Cyberspace Operations
  • Øyvind Jøsok
  • Benjamin J. Knox
  • Kirsi Helkala
  • Ricardo G. Lugo
  • Stefan Sütterlin
  • Paul Ward
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9744)


Operations in cyberspace are enabled by a digitized battlefield. The ability to control operations in cyberspace has become a central goal for defence forces. As a result, terms like cyber power, cyberspace operations and cyber deterrence have begun to emerge in military literature in an effort to describe and highlight the importance of related activities. Future military personnel, in all branches, will encounter the raised complexity of joint military operations with cyber as the key enabler. The constant change and complexity raises the demands for the structure and content of education and training. This interdisciplinary contribution discusses the need for a better understanding of the relationships between cyberspace and the physical domain, the cognitive challenges this represents, and proposes a theoretical framework - the Hybrid Space - allowing for the application of psychological concepts in assessment, training and action.


Cyberspace Physical domain Cyber-physical system Cyber security Socio-technical system Hybrid space Human factors 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Øyvind Jøsok
    • 1
  • Benjamin J. Knox
    • 1
  • Kirsi Helkala
    • 1
  • Ricardo G. Lugo
    • 2
  • Stefan Sütterlin
    • 2
  • Paul Ward
    • 3
  1. 1.Norwegian Defence, Cyber AcademyLillehammerNorway
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyLillehammer University CollegeLillehammerNorway
  3. 3.The Applied Cognition & Cognitive Engineering (AC2E) Research GroupUniversity of HuddersfieldManchesterUK

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