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Transportation Accessibility Assessment of Critical Emergency Facilities: Aging Population-Focused Case Studies in Florida

  • Ayberk Kocatepe
  • Eren Erman OzguvenEmail author
  • Hidayet Ozel
  • Mark W. Horner
  • Ren Moses
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9755)

Abstract

Over the last two decades, the task of providing transportation accessibility for aging people has been a growing concern as that population is rapidly expanding. From this standpoint, serious challenges arise when we consider ensuring aging people’s transportation-based accessibility to critical emergency facilities such as hurricane shelters. An efficient strategy to address this problem involves using Geographical Information Systems (GIS)-based tools in order to evaluate the available transportation network in conjunction with the spatial distribution of aging people, and critical emergency facilities, plus regional traffic characteristics. This study develops a Geographical Information Systems (GIS)-based methodology to measure and assess the transportation accessibility of these critical facilities through a diverse set of case study applications in the State of Florida. Within this evaluation, spatially detailed county-based accessibility scores are calculated with respect to designated hurricane shelters (both regular and special needs shelters) using both static and dynamic travel times between population block groups and critical facilities. Because aging of the Baby Boom generation (people born between 1946 and 1964) is expected to produce a 79 % increase in the number of people over the age of 65 in the next two decades, the proposed methodology and case studies can inform transportation agencies’ efforts to develop efficient aging-focused transportation and accessibility plans.

Keywords

Transportation accessibility Aging populations Geographic information systems 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was supported by United States Department of Transportation grant DTRT13-G-UTC42, and administered by the Center for Accessibility and Safety for an Aging Population (ASAP) at the Florida State University (FSU), Florida A&M University (FAMU), and University of North Florida (UNF). We also thank the Florida Department of Transportation for providing the roadway data. The opinions, results, and findings expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the United States Department of Transportation, The Florida Department of Transportation, The Center for Accessibility and Safety for an Aging Population, the Florida State University, the Florida A&M University, or the University of North Florida.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayberk Kocatepe
    • 1
  • Eren Erman Ozguven
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hidayet Ozel
    • 1
  • Mark W. Horner
    • 2
  • Ren Moses
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringFlorida A&M-Florida State University College of EngineeringTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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