Effects of Playing Mobile Games While Driving

  • Cristian-Cezar PostelnicuEmail author
  • Octavian-Mihai Machidon
  • Florin Girbacia
  • Gheorghe-Daniel Voinea
  • Mihai Duguleana
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9749)


The use of smartphones while driving is a growing phenomenon that has reached alarming proportions. Playing games is a particular type of activity performed by drivers on their smartphones and is the subject of this paper. The study that was con-ducted aimed at investigating the influence of playing games on a smartphone while driving in a virtual reality simulator. The driver’s eye glance behavior has been analyzed for twelve subjects while driving in two environments, city and country (national) road. A reference set of data obtained by driving without the gaming distraction has been used for performing a comparison and drawing conclusions. The results have indicated increased accident risks when playing games, especially caused by loss of control of the vehicle and improper lane positioning due to the driver being distracted by the game played.


Smartphone Mobile gaming Driving Driving simulator Accident risk Driving performance 



This paper is supported by the Romanian Government, specifically MEN – UEFISCDI authority under the program PNII “Partnerships in priority areas”, under the project number 240⁄2014 - NAVIEYES, supporting the collaboration between the company Route 66 and University Transilvania of Brașov.


  1. 1.
    Hughes, G.M., Rudin-Brown, C.M., Young, K.L.: A simulator study of the effects of singing on driving performance. Accid. Anal. Prev. 50, 787–792 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rudin-Brown, C.M., Edquist, J., Lenné, M.G.: Effects of driving experience and sensation-seeking on drivers’ adaptation to road environment complexity. Saf. Sci. 62, 121–129 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beanland, V., Lenné, M.G., Underwood, G.: Safety in numbers: target prevalence affects the detection of vehicles during simulated driving. Atten. Percept. Psychophys. 76(3), 805–813 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Edquist, J., Rudin-Brown, C.M., Lenné, M.G.: The effects of on-street parking and road environment visual complexity on travel speed and reaction time. Accid. Anal. Prev. 45, 759–765 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rosenbloom, T., Eldror, E.: Effectiveness evaluation of simulative workshops for newly licensed drivers. Accid. Anal. Prev. 63, 30–36 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hatuka, T., Toch, E.: Smart-spaces: smartphone’s influence on perceptions of the public space. Toch Research Group, Tel-Aviv University (2012).
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Smartphone Use Behind the Wheel Survey. AT&T, May 2015Google Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Distracted driving site.
  12. 12.
    Regan, M.A., Lee, J.D., Victor, T.W.: Driver Distraction and Inattention: Advances in Research and Countermeasures, vol. 1. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., Burlington (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anstey, K.J., Wood, J., Lord, S., Walker, J.G.: Cognitive, sensory and physical factors enabling driving safety in older adults. Clin. Psychol. Rev. 25(1), 45–65 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Leung, S., Croft, R.J., Jackson, M.L., Howard, M.E., Mckenzie, R.J.: A comparison of the effect of mobile phone use and alcohol consumption on driving simulation performance. Traffic Inj. Prev. 13(6), 566–574 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yannis, G., Papathanasiou, E., Postantzi, E., Papadimitriou, E.: Impact of mobile phone use and music on driver behaviour and safety by the use of a driving simulator. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Driver Distraction and Innatentio, 17pp (2013)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhao, N., Reimer, B., Mehler, B., D’Ambrosio, L.A., Coughlin, J.F.: Self-reported and observed risky driving behaviors among frequent and infrequent cell phone users. Accid. Anal. Prev. 61, 71–77 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    De Waard, D., Lewis-Evans, B., Jelijs, B., Tucha, O., Brookhuis, K.: The effects of operating a touch screen smartphone and other common activities performed while bicycling on cycling behavior. Transp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav. 22, 196–206 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nykänen, A.: Testing of mobile apps intended for use while driving. In: AstaZero Researchers Day – Emerging Trends in Active Safety for Road Vehicles Symposium, 14 April 2015Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    NaviEyes research project site.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian-Cezar Postelnicu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Octavian-Mihai Machidon
    • 2
  • Florin Girbacia
    • 1
  • Gheorghe-Daniel Voinea
    • 1
  • Mihai Duguleana
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Automotive and Transport EngineeringTransilvania University of BrașovBrașovRomania
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and ComputersTransilvania University of BrașovBrașovRomania

Personalised recommendations