Computational Framework of Resilience

  • Nicolas Schwind
  • Kazuhiro Minami
  • Hiroshi Maruyama
  • Leena Ilmola
  • Katsumi Inoue
Chapter

Abstract

Many researchers have been studying the resilience in urban cities. However, due to the complexity of the system involving human activities, it is difficult to define the resilience of an urban area quantitatively. We introduce an abstract model that represents an urban system through a set of variables and a utility function (or dually, a cost function) evaluating the “quality” of the states of the variables. This cost function depends on the criterion of interest for evaluating the resilience of the system, and can be easily defined in a succinct way. Then, our contribution is mainly twofold. First, we propose several performance metrics that evaluate how resilient a given system has been in some specific scenario, that is, in the past. Second, assuming we are given some knowledge about the dynamics of the system, we model its possible evolutions by embedding it into a discrete state transition machine, and show how we can adapt the performance metrics to this framework to predict the resilience of the system in the future. Such an adaptation of a performance metric to our dynamic model is called here a performance-based competency metric. This new kind of metric is useful to validate existing competency metrics (Ilmola in Competency metric of economic resilience. Urban resilience: a transformative approach. Springer, 2016) by aligning these competency metrics with our performance-based ones.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Schwind
    • 1
  • Kazuhiro Minami
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Maruyama
    • 5
  • Leena Ilmola
    • 3
  • Katsumi Inoue
    • 4
  1. 1.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and TechnologyKoto-kuJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Statistical MathematicsTachikawaJapan
  3. 3.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  4. 4.National Institute of InformaticsChiyodakuJapan
  5. 5.Preferred Networks, Inc.ChiyodakuJapan

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