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Nerve Cases pp 117-149 | Cite as

Examination of the Upper Limb

  • Amgad S. Hanna

Abstract

Muscles are tested and graded using the MRC system: 0: no function, 1: flicker, 2: movement with gravity eliminated, 3: movement against gravity, 4: movement against some resistance, and 5: normal. Detailed testing can be done using a hydraulic hand dynamometer. Range of motion can be tested with a goniometer (Figs. 23.1, 23.2, 23.3, 23.4, 23.5, 23.6, 23.7, 23.8, 23.9, 23.10, 23.11, 23.12, 23.13, 23.14, 23.15, 23.16, 23.17, 23.18, 23.19, 23.20, 23.21, 23.22, 23.23, 23.24, 23.25, 23.26, 23.27, 23.28, 23.29, 23.30, 23.31, 23.32 23.33, and 23.34)

Keywords

Public Health Plastic Surgery Peripheral Neuropathy Variable Weight Light Touch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Vedio 23.1

Chapter 23 Video (MP4 140678 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amgad S. Hanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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