LightCDD: A Lightweight Capability-Driven Development Method for Start-Ups

  • Hasan Koç
  • Marcela Ruiz
  • Sergio España
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 249)


Novice innovators and entrepreneurs face the risk of designing naive business models. In fact, lack of realism and failing to envision contextual constraints is one of the main threats to start-up success. Both the literature and the responses we gathered from experts in incubation confirm this problem. Capability Driven Development (CDD) is an integrated approach consisting of a method, tools, and best practices. It has proved to be successful when applied to mature enterprises that intend to become context-aware and adaptive. In this paper we report on the application of CDD to two start-up projects and how, despite being useful in making the entrepreneurs aware of dynamic business environments and constraints, a trade-off analysis showed that a simpler version of the method was necessary. Therefore, we present LightCDD, a context-aware enterprise modelling method that is tailored for business model generation. It reduces the set of modelling constructs and guidelines to facilitate its adoption by entrepreneurs, yet keeping it expressive enough for their purposes and, at the same time, compatible with CDD methodology. We also discuss what implications this simplification has with regard to the CDD tool environment.


Capability-driven development Entrepreneurship Context-aware business model Start-up incubation Business model generation 


  1. 1.
    Grossmann, V.: Entrepreneurial innovation and economic growth. J. Macroecon. 31, 602–613 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Morris, M., Schindehutte, M., Allen, J.: The entrepreneur’s business model: toward a unified perspective. J. Bus. Res. 58, 726–735 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Berzisa, S., Bravos, G., et al.: Capability driven development: an approach to designing digital enterprises. Bus. Inf. Syst. Eng. 57, 15–25 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Osterwalder, A., Pigneur, Y.: Business Model Generation: A Handbook for Visionaries, Game Changers, and Challengers. Wiley, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wieringa, R.: Design Science Methodology for Information Systems and Software Engineering. Springer, Berlin (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Summers, D.: The economic impact of entrepreneurship: setting realistic expectations. In: Allied Academies International Conference - Academy of Entrepreneurship (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ács, Z. J., Serb, L., Autio, E.: Global Entrepreneurship Index 2016 (2015)., Accessed on 21 Jan 2016
  8. 8.
    Griffith, E.: Why startups fail, according to their founders, (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fallon, N.: Beating the Odds: 4 Steps to Startup Success (2014). Accessed on 01 Feb 2016
  10. 10.
    Chorev, S., Anderson, A.R.: Success in Israeli high-tech start-ups. Crit. Factors Process Technovation 26, 162–174 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chwolka, A., Raigh, M.G.: The value of business planning before start-up - a decision-theoretical perspective. JBV 27, 385–399 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Koellinger, P., Minniti, M., et al.: “I think I can, I think I can”: overconfidence and entrepreneurial behavior. J. Econ. Psychol. 28, 502–527 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Koç, H., Sandkuhl, K.: A business process based method for capability modelling. In: Matulevičius, R., Dumas, M. (eds.) BIR 2015. LNBIP, vol. 229, pp. 257–264. Springer, Heidelberg (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bravos, G., González, T., Grabis, J., Henkel, M., Jokste, L., Koc, H., Stirna, J.: Capability modeling: initial experiences. In: Johansson, B., Andersson, B., Holmberg, N. (eds.) BIR 2014. LNBIP, vol. 194, pp. 1–14. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    España, S., Grabis, J., Henkel, M., Koç, H., Sandkuhl, K., Stirna, J., Zdravkovic, J.: Strategies for capability modelling: analysis based on initial experiences. In: Persson, A., Stirna, J. (eds.) CAiSE 2015 Workshops. LNBIP, vol. 215, pp. 40–52. Springer, Heidelberg (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of RostockRostockGermany
  2. 2.PROS Research CentreUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations