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Food Safety pp 149-160 | Cite as

Climate Change and Food Safety

  • M. Herrera
  • R. Anadón
  • Shahzad Zafar Iqbal
  • J. D. Bailly
  • Agustin Ariño
Chapter

Abstract

Worldwide, climate change is already affecting the biology and ecology of some organisms because of changing patterns in crop production and livestock intensification, as well as altering the transport pathways of chemical contaminants. Consequently, climate change is expected to aggravate feed and food safety problems during all phases of food production and supply. Temperature increases and changes in rainfall patterns will have an impact on the persistence and patterns of occurrence of bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi, and harmful algae and the patterns of their corresponding foodborne diseases and the risk of toxic contamination. Chemical residues of pesticides and veterinary medicines in plant and animal products will be affected by changes in pest pressure. The food risks of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants (i.e., dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls) could rise following changes in soils and long-range atmospheric transport, though quantitative estimates are scarce. This chapter summarizes data on the effect of climate change on biological and chemical food safety hazards, as well as it discusses the need for scientific research and development of improved tools, techniques, and practices to adapt the current risk management systems.

Keywords

Climate change Food safety Foodborne diseases Contaminants Risk assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This book chapter was supported by the Spanish MINECO/FEDER (project number AGL2011-26808 and AGL2014-57069-R), the Government of Aragón/European Social Fund (project number DGA Grupo A01), and the POCTEFA project EFA 292/13 MYCOPREV.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Herrera
    • 1
  • R. Anadón
    • 2
  • Shahzad Zafar Iqbal
    • 3
    • 4
  • J. D. Bailly
    • 5
  • Agustin Ariño
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal Production and Food Science, Veterinary FacultyUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Scientific Technological Park Foundation Aula DeiZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Food Safety Research Centre (FOSREC), Faculty of Food Science and TechnologyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of Applied Chemistry and BiochemistryGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  5. 5.Université de Toulouse III, École Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, INP, UMR 1331 ToxalimToulouse 3France

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