Renal Parenchymal Disease
Renal parenchymal disease (RPD) is classified into glomerular, tubular, interstitial, and vascular disease. These various diseases may be congenital (hereditary) or acquired. They exclusively may affect the kidneys or are systemic disorders with a wide range of renal contribution. This chapter focuses on the “classic entities” of RPD like glomerulonephritis (GN) or nephrotic syndrome (NS) showing clinical presentation, pathogenesis, renal histology if renal biopsy is indicated, treatment, and prognosis of the various diseases. References are restricted to important new publications where the interested reader can also find suggestions for further reading. The implications for imaging including ultrasound-guided renal biopsy are described in chapter “Imaging in Renal Parenchymal Disease”.
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