Advertisement

Abduction, Selection, and Selective Abduction

  • Gerhard MinnameierEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 27)

Abstract

“Selective abduction” is a notion coined by L. Magnani, who contrasts it with the more common notion of “creative abduction”. However, selective abduction may easily be confused with inference to the best explanation (IBE). This constitutes a problem, if IBE is reconstructed as an inductive inference. For on the one hand, abduction and induction must be distinct. On the other hand, Gabbay and Woods, but also Hintikka and Kapitan, even include hypothesis selection as part and parcel of the abductive inference per se. Consequently, there seems to be a riddle about what selective abduction clearly means and how it could be distinguished from other forms of reasoning. The contribution tries to solve this problem by explicating selective abduction and embedding it in an overall taxonomy of inferences.

Keywords

Knowledge Application Major Premiss Abductive Reasoning Abductive Inference Minor Premiss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Adams, R. A., Shipp, S., & Friston, K. J. (2013). Predictions not commands: Active inference in the motor system. Brain Structure and Function, 218, 611–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Clark, A. (2012). Embodied, embedded, and extended cognition. In K. Frankish & W. M. Ramsey (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of cognitive science (pp. 275–291). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Gabbay, D. M., & Woods, J. (2005). A practical logic of cognitive systems, Vol. 2: The reach of abduction—Insight and trial. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  4. Hintikka, J. (1998). What is abduction? The fundamental problem of contemporary epistemology. Transactions the Charles S. Peirce Society, 34, 503–533.Google Scholar
  5. Hintikka, J. (2007). Socratic epistemology: Explorations of knowledge-seeking by questioning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kapitan, T. (1997). Peirce and the structure of abductive inference. In N. Houser, D. D. Roberts, & J. V. Evra (Eds.), Studies in the logic of Charles Sanders Peirce (pp. 477–496). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Magnani, L. (2001). Abduction, reason, and science: Processes of discovery and explanation. New York: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Magnani, L. (2009). Abductive cognition: The epistemological and eco-cognitive dimensions of hypothetical reasoning. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Minnameier, G. (2004). Peirce-Suit of truth: Why inference to the best explanation and abduction ought not to be confused. Erkenntnis, 60, 75–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Minnameier, G. (2016). Forms of abduction and an inferential taxonomy. In L. Magnani & T. Bertolotti (Eds.), Springer handbook of model-based reasoning. Berlin: Springer, (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  11. Paavola, S. (2006). Hansonian and Harmanian abduction as models of discovery. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 20, 93–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Schurz, G. (2008). Patterns of abduction. Synthese, 164, 201–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of Business Ethics and Business Education, Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationGoethe University Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany

Personalised recommendations