Less Common Nonferrous Metals

  • François CardarelliEmail author


This chapter presents the history, natural occurrence, most common minerals and ores, extraction processes and industrial preparation, applications and uses, and major physical and chemical properties of the less common metals, namely, the alkali and alkaline-earth metals, the reactive and refractory metals, the precious and platinum group metals, the rare earth metals and finally the actinides.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrochem Technologies & Materials Inc.Montréal (QC)Canada

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