A Conceptual 5G Vehicular Networking Architecture

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents a thorough investigation on current vehicular networking architectures (access technologies and overlay networks) and their (r)evolution towards the 5G era. The main driving force behind vehicular networking is to increase safety, with several other applications exploiting this ecosystem for traffic efficiency and infotainment provision. The most prominent existing candidates for vehicular networking are based on dedicated short range communications (DSRC) and cellular (4G) communications. In addition, the maturity of cloud computing has accommodated the invasion of vehicular space with cloud-based services. Nevertheless, current architectures can not meet the latency requirements of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) applications in highly congested and mobile environments. The future trend of autonomous driving pushes current networking architectures further to their limits with hard real-time requirements. Vehicular networks in 5G have to address five major challenges that affect current architectures: congestion, mobility management, backhaul networking, air interface and security. As networking transforms from simple connectivity provision, to service and content provision, fog computing approaches with caching and pre-fetching improve significantly the performance of the networks. The cloudification of network resources through software defined networking (SDN)/network function virtualization (NFV) principles, is another promising enabler for efficient vehicular networking in 5G. Finally, new wireless access mechanisms combined with current DSRC and 4G will enable to bring the vehicles in the cloud.

Keywords

Vehicular Networking Software Define Networking Intelligent Transportation System Stream Control Transmission Protocol Dedicate Short Range Communication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Jerry Foster, 5G systems architect at 5GIC, for sharing his wisdom during the conceptual 5G architecture definition.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Communication SystemsUniversity of SurreyGuildfordUK

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