Enriching a Small Artwork Collection Through Semantic Linking

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9678)


Cultural heritage institutions have recently started to explore the added value of sharing their data, opening to initiatives that are using the Linked Open Data cloud to integrate and enrich metadata of their cultural heritage collections. However, each museum and each collection shows peculiarities, which make it difficult to generalize this process and offer one-size-fits-all solutions. In this paper, we report on the integration, enrichment and interlinking activities of metadata from a small collection of verbo-visual artworks in the context of the Verbo-Visual-Virtual project. We investigate how to exploit Semantic Web technologies and languages combined with natural language processing methods to transform and boost the access to documents providing cultural information, i.e., artist descriptions, collection notices, information about technique. We also discuss the open challenges raised by working with a small collection including little-known artists and information gaps, for which additional data can be hardly retrieved from the Web.


Cultural Heritage Data Linked Open Data (LOD) LOD Cloud Europeana Data Model (EDM) DBpedia Page 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Oomen, J., Baltussen, L.B., van Erp, M.: Sharing cultural heritage the linked open data way: Why you should sign up. In: Proceedings of Museums and the Web (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Marchetti, A., Tonelli, S., Sprugnoli, R.: The verbo-visual virtual platform for digitizing and navigating cultural heritage collections. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Collaborative Research Practices and Shared Infrastructures for Humanities Computing (AIUCD-2013) (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Szekely, P., Knoblock, C.A., Yang, F., Zhu, X., Fink, E.E., Allen, R., Goodlander, G.: Connecting the smithsonian american art museum to the linked data cloud. In: Cimiano, P., Corcho, O., Presutti, V., Hollink, L., Rudolph, S. (eds.) ESWC 2013. LNCS, vol. 7882, pp. 593–607. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    de Boer, V., Wielemaker, J., van Gent, J., Hildebrand, M., Isaac, A., van Ossenbruggen, J., Schreiber, G.: Supporting linked data production for cultural heritage institutes: The Amsterdam museum case study. In: Simperl, E., Cimiano, P., Polleres, A., Corcho, O., Presutti, V. (eds.) ESWC 2012. LNCS, vol. 7295, pp. 733–747. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    de Boer, V., Wielemaker, J., van Gent, J., Oosterbroek, M., Hildebrand, M., Isaac, A., van Ossenbruggen, J., Schreiber, G.: Amsterdam museum linked open data. Semant. Web 4(3), 237–243 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ferrari, D.: Archivio di Nuova Scrittura Paolo della Grazia. Storia di una Collezione/Geschichte einer Sammlung. Silvana Editoriale, Milan, Italy (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dragoni, M., Bosca, A., Casu, M., Rexha, A.: Modeling, managing, exposing, and linking ontologies with a wiki-based tool. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2014), ELRA, pp. 1668–1675 (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ghidini, C., Rospocher, M., Serafini, L.: Modeling in a wiki with moki: Reference architecture, implementation, and usages. Int. J. Adv. Life Sci. 4, 111–124 (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Crofts, N., Doerr, M., Gill, T., Stead, S., Stiff, M. (eds.): Definition of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model. ICOM/CIDOC CRM Special Interest Group (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dragoni, M.: Multilingual ontology mapping in practice: a support system for domain experts. In: Arenas, M., et al. (eds.) ISWC 2015. LNCS, vol. 9367, pp. 169–185. Springer, Heidelberg (2015). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-25010-6_10 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schmid, H.: Improvements in part-of-speech tagging with an application to German. In: Proceedings of the ACL SIGDAT-Workshop (1995)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hearst, M.A.: Automatic acquisition of hyponyms from large text corpora. In: Proceedings of the 14th Conference on Computational Linguistics, COLING-1992, pp. 539–545. ACL (1992)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hyvönen, E.: Publishing and Using Cultural Heritage Linked Data on the Semantic Web. Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web. Morgan & Claypool Publishers, Palo Alto (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Benjamins, V.R., Contreras, J., Blázquez, M., Dodero, J.M., García, A., Navas, E., Hernandez, F., Wert, C.: Cultural heritage and the semantic web. In: Bussler, C.J., Davies, J., Fensel, D., Studer, R. (eds.) ESWS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3053, pp. 433–444. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dannells, D., Ranta, A., Enache, R., Damova, M., Mateva, M.: Multilingual access to cultural heritage content on the semantic web. In: 7th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities, pp. 107–115 (2013)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Agosti, M., Ferro, N.: Annotations: enriching a digital library. In: Koch, T., Sølvberg, I.T. (eds.) ECDL 2003. LNCS, vol. 2769, pp. 88–100. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FBKTrentoItaly
  2. 2.University of Nice Sophia AntipolisNiceFrance
  3. 3.CNRS, I3S LaboratorySophia AntipolisFrance

Personalised recommendations