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Other Mycobacterioses

  • Josemir Belo dos Santos
  • Márcia Helena de Oliveira
  • Perla Gomes da Silva
  • Vanessa Lucília Silveira de Medeiros
Chapter

Abstract

Mycobacterioses are infections caused by bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium. The nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental, Gram-positive, acid-fast bacilli that cause various manifestations in different groups of patients and can lead to a broad range of clinical disorders, from cutaneous infections, such as cervical or intrathoracic lymphadenitis in children, to disseminated infections at all ages. NTM infection has been an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment with multiple antibiotics for several months and potential use of adjunctive surgery are necessary to achieve the best outcome. In patients with AIDS who are not on antiretroviral therapy, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) disease typically is a disseminated, multi-organ infection.

Keywords

Mycobacteriosis Mycobacterium Nontuberculous mycobacteria Mycobacterium infection Mycobacterium abscessus complex Mycobacterium fortuitum Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex Mycobacterium marinum Cutaneous tuberculosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josemir Belo dos Santos
    • 1
  • Márcia Helena de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Perla Gomes da Silva
    • 1
  • Vanessa Lucília Silveira de Medeiros
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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