Dermatology and Sports
The population participates in sports for recreational, social, and/or health purposes. Additionally some may invest in sports as a professional career. Distinct aspects are important with regard to athletes’ health and dermatology. Athletes are particularly prone to develop distinct cutaneous reactions or diseases, most being infectious or traumatic. Patients with pre-existing skin diseases may have worsening of the symptoms depending on sports activities. Preventive measures to avoid reactions to the environmental aspects such as weather, UV radiation, or pressure/friction from sports equipment are also significant for professional athletes’ cutaneous homeostasis and to improve performance. Moreover, some infectious diseases when active may eliminate athletes from official competitions. Finally, some prescriptions commonly used in dermatology may be included in the prohibited substance list of some sports. Therefore, it is extremely important for dermatologists to detect and treat the cutaneous reactions associated with sports participation and to be aware of the distinct aspects related to sports and dermatologic prescriptions.
KeywordsSports Dermatology Doping Athletes Infectious diseases Traumatic diseases Herpes Skin cancer Photoprotection Bacterial infections Urticaria Dermatitis
Sudden vasodilation by different mechanisms causing skin erythema.
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