The GENI Book pp 563-588 | Cite as

Research and Development on Network Virtualization Technologies in Japan: VNode and FLARE Projects

  • Akihiro Nakao
  • Kazuhisa Yamada


The Internet currently operating on TCP/IP network protocols has its origin in ARPANET developed in the late 1960s. Although the Internet started as an experimental platform for studying inter-networking of various network protocols, after its commercialization in 1990, it has improved and been enhanced to fulfill a variety of requirements as a social infrastructure. At present, it is a critical information social infrastructure indispensable to society.


Network Virtualization Virtualization Node Software Define Networking Network Processor Link Sliver 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The research and development achievements described in this chapter were achieved through NICT contract research entitled “Research and Development of Network Virtualization Platform Technologies Supporting New-Generation Network.”

The authors express their deep appreciation to the National Institute of Information and Communications who promoted the research and development of the Next-Generation Network and gave us much support. The authors also sincerely thank the research organizations that contributed to the joint research projects, as well as GENI research community and GENI Project Office (GPO) that continuously encourage us and invite us to present our accomplishments and to grant us opportunities to discuss research directions.


  1. 1.
    Computer Science and Telecommunications Board Committee on Research Horizons in Networks. Looking Over the Fence at Networks: A Neighbor's View of Network Research. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., (2001).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berman, M., Chase, J.S., Landweber, L.H., Nakao, A., Ott, M., Raychaudhuri, D., Ricci, R., Seskar, I.: GENI: a federated testbed for innovative network experiments. Comput. Netw. 61, 5–23 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Peterson, L., Roscoe, T.: The design principles of PlanetLab. SIGOPS 40, 11–16 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nakao, A.: VNode: a deeply programmable network testbed through network virtualization. In: 3rd IEICE Technical Committee on Network Virtualization (March 2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    McKeown, N., Anderson, T., Balakrishnan, H., Parulkar, G., Peterson, L., Rexford, J., Shenker, S., Turner, J.: OpenFlow: enabling innovation in campus networks. ACM SIGCOMM 38, 69–74 (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Song, H.: Protocol-oblivious forwarding: unleash the power of SDN through a future-proof forwarding plane. In: HotSDN’13, pp. 127–132 (August 2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jacobson, V., Smetters, D.K., Thornton, J.D., Plass, M.F.: Networking named content. In: CoNEXT’09 (December 2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Turner, J.S., Crowley, P., DeHart, J., Freestone, A., Heller, B., Kuhns, F., Kumar, S., Lockwood, J., Lu, J., Wilson, M., Wiseman, C., Zar, D.: Supercharging planetlab: a high performance, multi-application, overlay network platform. SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 37(4), 85–96 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nakao, A., Ozaki, R., Nishida, Y.: CoreLab: an emerging network testbed employing hosted virtual machine monitor. ACM ROADS 2008 (December 2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nakao, A.: VNode: a deeply programmable network testbed through network virtualization. In: The 3rd Domestic Conference, IEICE Technical Committee on Network Virtualization (NV) (2 March 2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Nakao, A.: Flare: deeply programmable network node architecture.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
    Nakao, A., Du, P., Iwai, T.: Application specific slicing for MVNO through software-defined data plane enhancing SDN. IEICE Trans. Commun. E98-B(11), 2111–2120 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Katayama, Y., Yamada, K., Shimano, K., Nakao, A.: Hierarchical resource management system on network virtualization platform for reduction of virtual network embedding calculation. APNOMS2013, P2-1 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kuwabara, S., Katayama, Y., Yamada, K.: Adaptive traffic monitoring system for virtualized networks. In: Proceedings of IEICE General Conference (2013)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kanada, Y., Shiraishi, K., Nakao, A.: Network-resource isolation for virtualization nodes. IEICE Trans. Commun. E96-B(1), 20–30 (2013). doi: 10.1587/transcom.e96.b.20 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kanada, Y.: Extending network-virtualization platforms by using a specialized packet header and node plug-ins. In: 22nd International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCom 2014) (September 2014). doi: 10.1109/softcom.2014.7039092
  22. 22.
    Kamiya, S., et~al.: A proposal of network processing node to emerging advanced network virtualization infrastructure. In: The 3rd Domestic Conference, IEICE Technical Committee on Network Virtualization (NV) (2 March 2012)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    OpenFlow Switch Consortium, OpenFlow Switch Specification, version 1.0.0, December 2009Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kanada, Y.: A method for evolving networks by introducing new virtual node/link types using node plug-ins. In: 1st IEEE/IFIP International Workshop in SDN Management and Orchestration (SDNMO’14) (May 2014). doi: 10.1109/noms.2014.6838417
  25. 25.
    Kanada, Y.: High-level portable programming language for optimized memory use of network processors. Commun. Netw. 7(1), (2015). doi: 10.4236/cn.2015.21006
  26. 26.
    Kanada, Y.: Providing infrastructure functions for virtual networks by applying node plug-in architecture. Workshop on Software Defined Networks for a New Generation of Applications and Services (SDN-NGAS 2014), August 2014. Procedia Comput. Sci. 34, 661–667 (2014). doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2014.07.094 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Iihoshi, T., et~al.: A slice extension architecture using smart-devices for flexible network service experiments on VNode. In: The 9th Domestic Conference, IEICE Technical Committee on Network Virtualization (NV) (11 April 2014)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Tarui, T., et~al.: Federating heterogeneous network virtualization platforms by slice exchange point. In: IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM), pp. 746–749 (2015)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nakao, A.: Research and development of network virtualization technologies in Japan. J. Natl. Inst. Inform. Commun. Technol. 62(2), 4-2 (2016). Special Issue on New-Generation NetworkGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yamada, K., Nakao, A., Kanada, Y., Saida, Y., Amemiya, K.: Integrated management for network virtualization infrastructure. J. Natl. Inst. Inform. Commun. Technol. 62(2), 4-3 (2016). Special Issue on New-Generation NetworkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.NTT Network Innovation LabsYokosuka-shiJapan

Personalised recommendations